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Unit 1B 13-23

Key Terms 13-23 from Unit 1B

TermDefinition
Jamestown 1st permanent settlement in the Americas; they established the first representative democracy in America (the House of Burgesses)
Plymouth The 1st permanent settlement in Massachusetts established by the Pilgrims who came over on the Mayflower; they established a direct democracy called the Mayflower Compact.
Navigation Act British law that said colonies could ONLY trade with Britain since they were British territory; colonies could not trade with other countries. This led to smuggling. (Ex; John Hancock)
Stamp Act Tax on all paper products in the colonies (later repealed); this led to the famous phrase “taxation without representation is tyranny”
Intolerable Act (Coercive Act) Following the Boston Tea Party, Britain declared martial law in Boston. They set up a blockade and took over the town.
Quartering Act Law passed by British Parliament allowing British soldiers to take whatever housing accommodations they needed from the colonies.
Townshend Act Tax on colonial tea, lead, paint, etc. It was the protest of this law that led to the Boston Tea Party.
Boston Massacre Provoked by colonists, British soldiers accidentally shot into a crowd of protestors in Boston, killing 5 people. This obviously increased tension between colonies and Britain
Boston Tea Party A group called the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Indians and dumped 342 chests of British Tea into Boston harbor in protest of taxes; this led to Britain passing the Intolerable Act.
1st continental Congress (1774) A delegation of colonials sent to Philadelphia in an attempt to deal with the rising tension between the colonies and Britain. The solution was to write a letter to King George III.
2nd continental congress (1775) A 2nd delegation sent to Philadelphia to deal with rising tensions between the colonies and Britain. This eventually led to the Declaration of Independence (1776).
Created by: kturlington9359