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Figurative Language

Metaphor when two things are compared without using like or as EX: the branches of the trees where fingernails scratching at my bedroom window
Hyperbole a figure of speech with extreme exaggeration in order to make a point EX: our soup is deeper then the sea
Personification when nonhuman things are given human like attributes and characteristics EX: The snowflakes danced on the ground
Simile an imaginative comparison that uses like or as EX: as cold as ice
Imagery a style of writing that appeals to the readers scenes and paints an image in their head
Idiom a phrase that the individual words that don't communicate a meaning but a whole phrase does EX: It's raining cats and dogs
Verbal Irony when what is said is the opposite of what is implied
Dramatic Irony when the audience knows something that the character doesn't
Situational Irony when the opposite of what you think is going to happen happens
Poetry a genre of literature that expresses ideas, images, or emotions with very few words
line rarely a full sentence but it is usually a phrase
Prose blocks of text arranged in paragraphs
Stanza a group of lines
Ballad a poem set to music
Sonnet discusses a question and an answer in fourteen lines
Free Verse no set rules
Rhyme when endings sound the same
End Rhyme when the end of each line rhymes
Alliteration when words in a line start with the same sound
Rhyme Scheme the pattern of rhymes within a poem
Narrative Poetry tells a story
Lyrical Poetry expresses personal emotions or thoughts with a musical quality( i.e, rhyme, alliteration, repetition)
Voice the authors writing style or the speaker
Speaker the perspective/person who is telling the story
Internal Rhyme when two or more words rhyme in the same line
Onomatopoeia when words are spelled like the sound it makes
Created by: Maraobrien23



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