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Organic Chemistry

Exam 1 Terms

constitutional isomers share the same molecular formula but have different connectivity of atoms and different physical properties.
covalent bond results when two atoms share a pair of electrons
octet rule bonding to achieve noble gas electron configuration
lone pair a pair of unshared electrons
formal charge occurs when atoms do not exhibit the appropriate number of valence electrons
induction what polar covalent bonds exhibit that cause the formation of partial positive charges and negative charges
electrostatic potential maps present a visual illustration of partial charges
quantum mechanics describes electrons in terms of their wavelike properties
wave equation describes total energy of an electron when in the vicinity of proton
wave functions solutions of a wave equation that represents the probability of finding an electron in a particular location.
atomic orbitals represented visually by generating three-dimensional plots; nodes indicate that the value is zero
valence bond theory treats every bond as the sharing of electron density between two atoms as a result of the constructive interference of their atomic orbitals
sigma bonds formed when the electron density is located primarily on the bond axis
molecular orbital theory uses a mathematical method called the linear combination of atomic orbitals to form molecular orbitals
atomic orbital a region of space associated with an individual atom
Created by: danat214