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CL5 terms

Chemical names and Formulas

TermDefinition
monatomic ions consists of a single atom either an anion or cation
binary compound composed of two elements, can be either an ionic or molecular compound
ionic compound compound composed of a positive metal ion and a negative nonmetal ion to make a charge of 0 ( neutral)
molecular compound compound composed of molecules
molecule a group of atoms bonded together representing the smallest fundamental unit of of a chemical compound in a chemical reaction.
ion an atom or molecule with a net charge due to the lose or gain of one or more electrons
Antoine-Laurent Lavoiser a french chemist that determined the composition of many compounds in his experiments to show how chemical compounds form.
mono 1
di 2
tri 3
tetra 4
penta 5
hexa 6
hepta 7
octa 8
nona 9
deca 10
Acids a compound that contains one or more hydrogen atoms and produces hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
Bases is generally an ionic compound that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water
law of definite proportions that in samples of any chemical compound, the masses of the elements are always in the same proportions.
The law of multiple proportions whenever the same two elements form more than one compound, the different masses of one element that combine with the same mass of the other element are in the ratio of small whole numbers.
Created by: TJ365