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La Navidad Vocab

Holidays, Traditions, Food, and Decorations

La Nochebuena Christmas Eve
El Día de Navidad Christmas Day
El Año Nuevo New Year
La Nochevieja New Year's Eve
El Día del Año Nuevo New Year's Day
las vacaciones de Navidad the Christmas holidays
el Día de Reyes Magos, Rosca de Reyes Three Kings' Day/Epiphany--6th of January the day when presents are traditionally given in Spanish-speaking countries.
el Día de la Candelería February 2nd, the last day of the Christmas season, when the decorations are taken down and nativity scene Baby Jesus gets blessed at church.
el Día de los Santos Inocentes 28th December similar to April Fool's Day
el Día de la Virgen de Guadalupe 12th of December, patron saint of Mexico. Known as the Holy Mother of all Mexicans, it is said that she appeared to Juan Diego in 1531 as a Hispanic Virgin Mary. The image of her appeared on his tunic, still hanging in the Basílica (church) dedicated to her.
las posadas Dec 16-24 singing processions from house-to-house, marking Mary and Joseph's search for lodging.
los adornos de Navidad Christmas decorations
los desfiles parades
el acebo holly
los regalos de Navidad Christmas presents, commonly given on January 6th, Three Kings' Day (the gift-bearers)
una tarjeta de Navidad a Christmas card
Árbol de Navidad Christmas tree
un calendario de Adviento Advent calendar
la Misa del Gallo Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve--lasts through the early morning of Christmas Day
un villancico Christmas carol
la flor de Nochebuena poinsettia
los Reyes Magos the Three Kings, the Three Wise Men
tomar las uvas "to eat the grapes" In Spain a grape is eaten for each stroke of the clock at 12pm on December 31st. Each grape is supposed to represent good luck for each month of the new year.
las cartas letters, typically written to the Three Kings (the gift-bearers)
las cometas colorful kites flown with Christmas wish lists attached, typical for Guatemala and other Central American countries
¡Feliz Navidad y Próspero Año Nuevo! Merry Christmas and a Prosperous New Year!
un belén (Belén = Bethlehem), pastorelas a nativity scene, a nativity play
los pastores shepherds
los ángeles angels
Papá Noel Santa
un pastel de Navidad a Christmas cake
el pavo turkey
los tamales traditional Mexican food made with cornmeal "masa" and meat or sweet filling, typically wrapped in cornhusks (or banana leaves on the coast of Mexico)
la Rosca de Reyes a large, round bun baked for 6th January with candied fruits and typically a Baby Jesus baked inside. (Host is chosen for Feb 2nd el Día de la Candelería)
turrón a typical Spanish sweet eaten at Christmas made with ground almonds