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section 3

TermDefinition
photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
chloroplast (in green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
chlorophyll Chlorophyll is any of several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
glucose Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C₆H₁₂O₆. Glucose circulates in the blood of animals as blood sugar.
mitochondria rod-shaped organelles that can be considered the power generators of the cell, converting oxygen and nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
photosynthesis equation 6CO2 + 6H2O —> C6H12O6 + 6O2.
respiration equation 602 + C6H1206 -->6H2O +6CO2
diffusion occurs when small molecules pass through the lipid bilayer of a cell membrane.
osmosis a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one
active transport the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a region of higher concentration, assisted by enzymes and requiring energy.
Created by: 23cfigueroa