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Module #2 Chemistry

Vocabulary for Module #2: Energy, Heat, and Temperature

Energy The ability to do work
Work The force applied to an object times the distance that the object travels parallel to that force
Heat Energy that is transferred as a consequence of temperature differences
The first law of thermodynamics Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can only change form.
Potential energy Energy that is stored
Kinetic energy Energy that is in motion
Joule The metric unit for energy
C= 5/9(F-32) Equation for converting fahrenheit to celsius
F=9/5(C)+32 Equation for converting celsius to fahrenheit
K=C+273.15 Equation for converting celsius to kelvin
Calorie (cal) The amount of heat necessary to warm one gram of water one degree Celsius
1 calorie = _.___ Joules 4.184
1 food calorie = ____ chemistry calories 1,000
Specific heat The amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 degree Celsius
1.000 cal/g.^0 C or 4.184 J/g.^0 C The specific heat of water
-q object = q water +q calorimeter calorimetry equation