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CHSDukes_Physics

TermDefinition
The buoyant force is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces Archimedes' principle
Equal volumes of all gases, at the same temperature and pressure, have the same number of molecules Avogadro Law
The law describing the magnetic field generated by an electric current. Biot–Savart law
The absolute pressure exerted by a given mass of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to the volume it occupies if the temperature and amount of gas remain unchanged within a closed system Boyle's law
The efficiency of a Carnotengine depends on the difference between the hot and cold temperature reservoirs. Carnot's theorem
When the pressure on a gas is constant, the Kelvin temperature and the volume will be directly related. Charles's law
The force interacting between charged particles. Coulomb's law
The total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases Dalton's law
The equation used to estimate the number of active, communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy Drake equation
The change in frequency or wavelength Doppler effect
The current description of gravitation in modern physics The General Theory of Relativity
Theory describing the relationship between space and time The Special Theory of Relativity
Magnetic field interacts with an electric circuit and produce an electromotive force. Faraday's law of induction
The apparent contradiction between the lack of evidence and high probability estimates for the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations Fermi paradox
a law relating the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. Gauss' law
The pressure of an enclosed gas is directly proportional to its temperature of a fixed mass of gas' kept at a constant volume Gay-Lussac's law
The more precisely the position of some particle is determined, the less precisely its momentum can be known, and vice versa Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
The law states that the total enthalpy change during the complete course of a chemical reaction is the same whether the reaction is made in one step or in several steps. Hess's law
It measures the "useful" work obtainable from a closed thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and volume Helmholtz free energy
The force needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance scales linearly with respect to that distance F = kX, Hooke's law
The first observational basis for the expansion of the universe and today serves as evidence in support of the Big Bang model. v = H0D Hubble's law
The physical law expressing the relationship between the heat generated and current flowing through a conductor. Joule's first law (heating)
The internal energy of an ideal gas depends only on its temperature. Joule's second law
At any junction in an electrical circuit, the sum of currents flowing into that junction is equal to the sum of currents flowing out of that junction Kirchhoff's circuit laws
The position in an orbital configuration of two large bodies where a small object affected only by gravity can maintain a stable position relative to the two large bodies. Lagrangian point
The limiting behavior of a system as the temperature tends to absolute zero. Laplace principle
When any system at equilibrium is subjected to change in concentration, temperature, volume, or pressure, then the system readjusts itself to counteract the effect of the applied change and a new equilibrium is established. Le Chatelier's principle
The direction of current induced in a conductor by a changing magnetic field due to Faraday's law of induction will be such that it will create a magnetic field that opposes the change that produced it. Lenz's law
The rule uses derivatives to help evaluate limits lim f(x)/y(x) = lim f'(x)/y'(x) L'Hôpital's rule
The relation between height of antennas and maximum signaling distance of radio transmissions Marconi's law
The total entropy can never decrease over time for an isolated system, meaning 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
A particle attracts every other particle in the universe with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers. Newton's law of universal gravitation
In an inertial frame of reference, an object either remains at rest or continues to move at a constant velocity, unless acted upon by a force. First law of Motion
In an inertial reference frame, the vector sum of the forces F on an object is equal to the mass m of that object multiplied by the acceleration a of the object. F = ma. Second Law of Motion
When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction on the first body. Third Law of Motion
Ohm's law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance Ohm's law
If a quadrilateral is inscribable in a circle then the product of of its diagonals is equal to the sum of the products of the pairs of opposite sides. Ptolemy's theorem
The square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. Pythagorean theorem
A mathematical equation that describes the changes over time of a physical system in which quantum effects, such as wave–particle duality, are significant Schrödinger equation
A mathematical formula used to describe the relationship between the angle of incident and angle of refraction, when light passes through a boundary between two different media Snell's law
Created by: CHSDukes2017