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# CHSDukes_Physics

Term | Definition |
---|---|

The buoyant force is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces | Archimedes' principle |

Equal volumes of all gases, at the same temperature and pressure, have the same number of molecules | Avogadro Law |

The law describing the magnetic field generated by an electric current. | Biot–Savart law |

The absolute pressure exerted by a given mass of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to the volume it occupies if the temperature and amount of gas remain unchanged within a closed system | Boyle's law |

The efficiency of a Carnotengine depends on the difference between the hot and cold temperature reservoirs. | Carnot's theorem |

When the pressure on a gas is constant, the Kelvin temperature and the volume will be directly related. | Charles's law |

The force interacting between charged particles. | Coulomb's law |

The total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases | Dalton's law |

The equation used to estimate the number of active, communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy | Drake equation |

The change in frequency or wavelength | Doppler effect |

The current description of gravitation in modern physics | The General Theory of Relativity |

Theory describing the relationship between space and time | The Special Theory of Relativity |

Magnetic field interacts with an electric circuit and produce an electromotive force. | Faraday's law of induction |

The apparent contradiction between the lack of evidence and high probability estimates for the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations | Fermi paradox |

a law relating the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | Gauss' law |

The pressure of an enclosed gas is directly proportional to its temperature of a fixed mass of gas' kept at a constant volume | Gay-Lussac's law |

The more precisely the position of some particle is determined, the less precisely its momentum can be known, and vice versa | Heisenberg's uncertainty principle |

The law states that the total enthalpy change during the complete course of a chemical reaction is the same whether the reaction is made in one step or in several steps. | Hess's law |

It measures the "useful" work obtainable from a closed thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and volume | Helmholtz free energy |

The force needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance scales linearly with respect to that distance F = kX, | Hooke's law |

The first observational basis for the expansion of the universe and today serves as evidence in support of the Big Bang model. v = H0D | Hubble's law |

The physical law expressing the relationship between the heat generated and current flowing through a conductor. | Joule's first law (heating) |

The internal energy of an ideal gas depends only on its temperature. | Joule's second law |

At any junction in an electrical circuit, the sum of currents flowing into that junction is equal to the sum of currents flowing out of that junction | Kirchhoff's circuit laws |

The position in an orbital configuration of two large bodies where a small object affected only by gravity can maintain a stable position relative to the two large bodies. | Lagrangian point |

The limiting behavior of a system as the temperature tends to absolute zero. | Laplace principle |

When any system at equilibrium is subjected to change in concentration, temperature, volume, or pressure, then the system readjusts itself to counteract the effect of the applied change and a new equilibrium is established. | Le Chatelier's principle |

The direction of current induced in a conductor by a changing magnetic field due to Faraday's law of induction will be such that it will create a magnetic field that opposes the change that produced it. | Lenz's law |

The rule uses derivatives to help evaluate limits lim f(x)/y(x) = lim f'(x)/y'(x) | L'Hôpital's rule |

The relation between height of antennas and maximum signaling distance of radio transmissions | Marconi's law |

The total entropy can never decrease over time for an isolated system, meaning | 2nd Law of Thermodynamics |

A particle attracts every other particle in the universe with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers. | Newton's law of universal gravitation |

In an inertial frame of reference, an object either remains at rest or continues to move at a constant velocity, unless acted upon by a force. | First law of Motion |

In an inertial reference frame, the vector sum of the forces F on an object is equal to the mass m of that object multiplied by the acceleration a of the object. F = ma. | Second Law of Motion |

When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction on the first body. | Third Law of Motion |

Ohm's law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance | Ohm's law |

If a quadrilateral is inscribable in a circle then the product of of its diagonals is equal to the sum of the products of the pairs of opposite sides. | Ptolemy's theorem |

The square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. | Pythagorean theorem |

A mathematical equation that describes the changes over time of a physical system in which quantum effects, such as wave–particle duality, are significant | Schrödinger equation |

A mathematical formula used to describe the relationship between the angle of incident and angle of refraction, when light passes through a boundary between two different media | Snell's law |