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Arriba! Rev Ch 1-2

TermDefinition
el bolígrafo pen
la calculadora calculator
el cuaderno notebook
el diccionario dictionary
el libro book
el texto textbook
el mapa map
la mesa table / desk
la mochila backpack
la pizarra chalkboard, or whiteboard.
la puerta door
el reloj clock (wall clock)
la silla chair
amarillo/a yellow
anaranjado/a orange
azul blue
blanco/a white
morado/a purple
gris grey
negro/a black
rojo/a red
rosado/a pink
verde green
colores colors
el lápiz pencil
el papel paper
la tiza chalk
el borador eraser
el marcador marker
verbos verbs
infinitivos infinitive forms (to ___)
necesitar to need
ser to be, integral part of existence
tener (ie) to have, is irregular
adjetivos adjectives
aburrido/a boring
barato/a cheap; inexpensive
bueno/a good
caro/a expensive
extrovertido/a outgoing
fascinante fascinating
grande big
inteligente intelligent
interesante interesting
malo/a bad
pequeño/a small
simpático/a nice
tímido/a shy; timid
trabajador/a hard-working
adverbios adverbs
aquí here
Expresiones para expressions for / commands for
Abre (Abran) open (plural)
Cierra (cierren) close (plural)
Contesta (Contesten) Answer (plural - all of you (students) answer)
Escribe (Escriban) Write
Escucha (Escuchen) Listen
Estudia (estudien) study
Lee (lean) read
el diálogo the dialog
repite (repitan) (you) repeat ((all of you) repeat)
Ve (Vayan) Go ((multi) go)
¿ cómo es ____ ? What is ___ (it) like?
¿ cómo son ___? What are _____ (they) like?
¿ cuántos (as) _____? How many _______?
¿ De qué color es ______? What color is ______?
¿Necesitas ______? Do you need _____?
¿ qué hay en ______? What is/are there in _____?
¿ qué es esto? What is this?
¿Tienes ______? Do you have ______ ?
preguntas questions
Es _______. It is __________.
Son ____________. They are ____________.
Hay un (una) _______. There is a _______.
Hay unos (unas) ______. There are some ___________.
Necesito ________. I need __________.
Tengo ________. I have __________.
¿ qué haces cuando _____________? What do you do when __________?
cada each
cada uno for each one
Veo algo ______. I see something ______.
¿ Es _____? Is it ______?
Gender of nouns and articles Nouns that end in -o or -ema are almost always masculine. Nouns that end in -a, -ad, or -ion are almost always feminine. Common exceptions are: el día, la clase, el mapa.
Nouns that refer to persons take on the gender of the person they refer to. Examples: la mujer, el hombre, la profesora, el profesor, la niña, el niño, la estudiante, el estudiante.
Making plurals of articles el changes to los la changes to las Ún changes to unos Una changes to unas
Making plurals of Nouns vowel ending changes to vowel + -s Consonant ending changes to consonant + es. Ends in -z ∆s to -c (+es).
Placement of adjectives Adjectives come after the noun. There are exceptions, but not 'til later chapters.
Adjective number and gender matches that of the noun they modify.
Interactivo/a interactive
Created by: Beryl367