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Matter and physical

vocabulary for matter and physical properties

TermDefinition
matter anything that has mass and occupies space
atom the smallest particle of matter
substance matter with a composition that is always the same
element a substance that consists of just one type of atom
compound a substance containing atoms of two or more different elements chemically bonded together
mixture matter that is made of two or more substances that are physically combined
heterogenous mixture mixtures that are not evenly mixed
homogenous mixture mixtures that are evenly mixed- hard to tell apart
dissolve to mix a solute into a solvent evenly
solute the substance in a solution in the largest amount
solvent the substance that gets dissolved in the solvent
protons the positive sub-atomic particle in an atom
neutrons the neutral sub-atomic particle in an atom
electrons the negative sub-atomic particle in an atom
nucleus the part of the atom that contains the protons and neutrons
electron cloud the part of the atom that contains the electrons
physical properties A characteristic of matter that can be observed or measured with out changing the matter
mass The amount of matter in an object
weight The pull of gravity on matter
density The amount of mass in a given spce
melting point The temperature at which matter begins to change from a solid to a liquid
boiling point The temperature at which matter begins to change from a liquid to a gas
solubility The ability to disolve
conductivity The ability to allow heat or electricity to go through
Created by: hallet