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Spanish 201, Ch. 3

TermDefinition
manera way
por eso that's why
en cambio instead // however
planificación planning
cada each
llevarse bien con to get along with
entender to understand
paso step
pisar to step on
América Central (Centroamérica) Central America
América del Norte (Norteamérica) North America
América del Sur (Sudamérica) South America
el barrio neighborhood
el/la chicano/a Mexican-American
el/la costarricense Costa Rican
el/la cubano/a Cuban
el/la dominicano/a Dominican
el/la guatemalteco/a Guatemalan
el/la hispanohablante Spanish speaker
el/la hondureño/a Honduran
el/la mexicano/a Mexican
el/la nicaragüense Nicaraguan
el/la panameño/a Panamanian
el/la puertorriqueño/a Puerto Rican
el/la salvadoreño/a Salvadoran
el anglo Anglian // English-speaking
bilingüe bilingual
el bilingüismo bilingualism
la discriminación racial racial discrimination
el/la emigrante emigrant
emigrar to emigrate
el estereotipo stereotype
la inmigración immigration
inmigrar to immigrate
el machismo male chauvinism
monolingüe monolingual
además besides, in addition to
darse cuenta de to realize
de acuerdo con in accordance with
perder el tiempo to waste time
realizar to carry out, fulfill, accomplish
tener en cuenta to take into account
la herencia cultural cultural heritage
el/la indocumentado/a person without legal documents
el permiso de trabajo work permit
la raza race
la tarjeta de residente permanent resident card
el algodón cotton
el ambiente environment
la amistad friendship
la barrera barrier
la competencia competition
el cumplimiento accomplishment // fulfillment
el éxito success
el funcionamiento functioning // workings
el hecho fact
el hogar home
el imprevisto unforeseen // unexpected occurrence
la lengua materna mother tongue
la libertad freedom
el logro achievement
el malentendido misunderstanding
el nivel de vida standard of living
la pérdida de tiempo waste of time
el plazo term // date (fixed or agreed upon for an action)
la población population
el prejuicio prejudice
la puntualidad punctuality
el racismo racism
el rendimiento output (of a worker) // yield
la tertulia social gathering
el valor value (noun)
asimilarse to assimilate
conseguir (i , i) to get // to obtain
crear to create
cruzar to cross
detestar to hate // to dislike
empujar to push
funcionar to work // to function
ganar to earn // to win
ganarse (la vida) to earn one's living
gritar to scream // to shout
guiar to guide
hartarse to be fed up
integrarse to become part of
jalar (halar) // *halar is more formal to pull
juzgar to judge
llorar to cry
lograr to attain
mantener (una familia) to support (a family)
mejorar to improve
pagar to pay
pertenecer (zc) to belong
prevalecer (zc) to prevail
realizar to carry out // fulfill // accomplish
realizar (su sueño) to fulfill one's dream
rodear to surround
suspirar to sigh
tener éxito to succeed
tratar (bien/mal) a alguien to treat someone well // badly
valorar to value
bonito/a pretty // attractive
expuesto/a exposed
grueso/a thick
solo/a alone
suave soft/smooth
válido/a valid
además besides
darse cuenta de to realize
de acuerdo con in accordance with
de súbito all of a sudden
junto a by // next to
mientras que while
perder el tiempo to waste time
tener en cuenta to take into account
acostarse (ue) to go to bed
afeitarse to shave
arreglarse to get ready // dress up
bañarse to bathe
cepillarse (el pelo // los dientes) to brush (hair // teeth)
despertarse (ie) to wake up
desvestirse (i , i) to undress
dormirse (ue, u) to fall asleep
ducharse to shower
lavarse to wash oneself
levantarse to get up
maquillarse to put on make-up
peinarse to comb one's hair
perfumarse to put on perfume
ponerse (la ropa) to put on one's clothes
quitarse (la ropa) to take off one's clothes
secarse to dry oneself
vestirse (i, i) to get dressed
acordarse (de) (ue) to remember
adaptarse to adapt
dedicarse (a) to devote oneself to
despedirse (i, i) (de) to say goodbye to
divertirse (ie, i) to have a good time
equivocarse to be wrong
establecerse (zc) to establish
irse to go away, to leave; to leave a place, especially when the destination is not mentioned; puts emphasis on the place being left, rather than on the destination
llamarse to be called // named
mudarse to move (change address)
parecerse (zc) to resemble
preguntarse to wonder
preocuparse (por) to worry (about)
prepararse to get ready
quejarse (de) to complain (about)
reunirse to get together
sentarse (ie) to sit down
sentirse (ie, i) to feel
abrazarse to embrace
apoyarse to lean on
ayudarse to help
besarse to kiss
casarse to get married
comprometerse to get engaged
comunicarse to communicate
conocerse (zc) to get to know a person // meet
contarse (ue) todo to tell each other everything
criticarse to criticize
divorciarse to divorce
entenderse (ie) to understand
hacerse amigo/a to become friends
juntarse to get together
llevarse bien//mal to get along well//badly
pelearse to fight
saludarse to greet
separarse to separate
soportarse to stand, put up with (a person)
tolerarse to tolerate
aburrir to bore
caer bien//mal to suit // not to suit // to like // not like a person
disgustar to annoy // displease
divertir to be fun // amuse
encantar to delight // love
entusiasmar to be enthusiastic (about something)
faltar to be missing // lacking
fascinar to fascinate
fastidiar to vex // disappoint
importar to matter // to be important // to care about
interesar to interest
molestar to bother
parecer to seem
quedar to remain // to have left
argentino/a Argentine
canadiense Canadian
chileno/a Chilean
colombiano/a Colombian
cubano/a Cuban
dominicano/a Dominican
ecuatoriano/a Ecuadorian
español/a Spanish
peruano/a Peruvian
venezolano/a Venezuelan
alemán//alemana (Alemania) German (Germany)
brasileño/a (Brasil) Brazilian (Brazil)
chino/a (China) Chinese (China)
coreano/a (Corea) Korean (Korea)
francés // francesa (Francia) French (France)
inglés // inglesa (Inglaterra) English (England)
italiano/a (Italia) Italian (Italy)
japonés // japonesa (Japón) Japanese (Japan)
portugués // portuguesa (Portugal) Portuguese (Portugal)
ruso/a (Rusia) Russian (Russia)
¿Cómo dice(s)? What did you say?
¿Qué quiere decir ... ? What does .... mean?
¿Qué es lo que quiere(s) decir? What is it that you want to say?
No sé si comprendo bien I don't know if I understand correctly
¿Quiere(s) decir que . . . ? Do you mean to say that . . .?
No entendí bien I didn't understand very well
No entiendo. ¿Puede(s) repetir, por favor? I don't understand. Can you repeat it, please?
Claro // claro que sí // Cómo no // Por supuesto Of course
Tienes razón You are right
(No) estoy de acuerdo I (don't) agree
Estoy en desacuerdo I disagree
A mí sí (no) Yes, I do (don't) **Used with object (often an object of gustar)
Yo sí (no) Yes, I do (don't)
(Sí), yo también (Yes,) I do too
(No,) yo tampoco (No,) I don't either
Tener calor/frío To be hot/cold (for people and animals)
tener sueño to be sleepy
tener hambre / sed to be hungry / thirsty
tener miedo to be afraid
tener suerte to be lucky
tener éxito to be successful; succeed
tener ganas de to feel like
tener razón to be right
bastante enough, quite
rato while, bit
otra vez again
amargo/a bitter
la madrugada dawn
la tez complexion (face skin, lol)
para comenzar // empezar to begin with
en primer lugar // primero in the first place // first
la segunda observación the second observation
como usted dijo as you said . . .
para resumir to summarize
para terminar to finish
por último lastly
en conclusión in conclusion