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Arriba! rev. ch 1-1

Review of Spanish text "Arriba!" Chapter by chapter.

TermDefinition
El estudiante Male student
La estudiante Female student
el profesor male professor
la profesora female professor
Buenos días Good morning
Buenas tardes Good afternoon
Buenas noches Good evening
¿Cómo está usted? How are you? (Formal)
¿Cómo estás? How are you? (Informal)
Hola Hello, hi.
¿qué pasa? What's happening? What's up?
¿qué tal? What's up?
De nada You're welcome
¿De verdad? Really?
Encantado / encantada (If speaker m/f) delighted; pleased to meet you.
Gracias Thank you
Igualmente likewise
Mucho gusto Nice to meet you.
(Muy) bien (Very) well
(Muy) mal (Very) bad
Más o menos. so, so.
La clase class
La universidad University
Adiós good-bye
Hasta luego see you later
Hasta mañana see you tomorrow
Hasta pronto see you soon
Hasta (nombre de día) See you ( day)
¿Cómo se llama usted? What's your name? (Formal)
¿Cómo te llamas? What's your name? (informal)
Me llamo...... My name is.....
Mi nombre es.... My name is......
Soy..... I am......
el Señor (Sr.) Mr.
la señorita (Srta.) Miss
la señora (Sra.) Mrs.; Ms.
Con with
Mi / mis my
O or
Tu / tus your (informal)
Y and
Saludos greetings
Repuestas responses
Sustantivos Nouns
Despedidas farewells
Presentaciones introductions
Títulos titles
A Nombre: A "ah" Sonido: "ah" but of shorter duration than in English.
E Nombre: e "ay" Sonido: "ey" but of shorter duration than in English.
I Nombre: I "ee" Sonido: "ee" but of shorter duration than in English.
O Nombre: o "oh" Sonido: "Oh" but of shorter duration than in English.
U Nombre: u "oo" Sonido: "oo" but of shorter duration than in English.
B Nombre: be (grande) "bay" Sonido: "b" like in English.
C Nombre: ce "say" Sonido: before e or i = "s", before a, o, or u = " k". Except in most of Spain - then is /th/ as at the end of "with".
D Nombre: de "day" Sonido: "d" same as in English.
F Nombre: efe "ey fay" Sonido: "f" same as in English.
G Nombre: ge "hey" Sonido: before e or i = Spanish j or hard English h. Otherwise like the English g in gate.
H Nombre: hache "ah chay" Sonido: is always silent.
J Nombre: jota "hoe tah" Sonido: "h" like the hard English h.
K Nombre: ka Sonido: k - not common, appears only in words borrowed from other languages.
L Nombre: Ele "ell ay" Sonido: L (same as in English).
M Nombre: eme "ay may" Sonido: same as in English.
N Nombre: ene "en nay" Sonido: same as in English.
P Nombre: pe "pay" Sonido: al mismo a ingles.
Q Nombre: cu "coo" Sonido:k
Ñ Nombre: eñe "en-yay" Sonido: "ny" igual en niño.
R Nombre: ere "air-ay" Sonido: if begins a word is trilled like RR. Otherwise is just like the English r.
RR Nombre: Sonido: trilled r.
S Nombre: ESE "eh say" Sonido: same as English.
T Nombre: te "tay" Sonido: t
V Nombre: uve "oo vay" or be corta. Sonido: "b"
W Nombre: doble be or uve doble. Sonido: use English sound unless the word is not English. This letter is uncommon in Spanish.
X Nombre: equis "eck eeze" Sonido: examples: excelente or México.
Y Nombre: y-griega "ee gree ay guh" Sonido: same as English sound.
Z Nombre: zeta Sonido: "s" - always /s/. Except in most of Spain - then is /th/ as at the end of "with".
¿Qué? What?
Número number
Falta missing, lacking
Ciento used in #s from 101 to 199.
Te toca a ti. it's your turn
Teléfono telephone
¿Cuál? Which
¿Qué hacer? What to do?
Los Dias de la semana The days of the week. not capitalized
Lunes, el lunes Monday
martes, el martes Tuesday
miércoles, el miércoles Wednesday
jueves, el jueves Thursday
viernes, el viernes Friday
sábado, el sábado Saturday
domingo, el domingo Sunday
Los meses del año months of the year not capitalized
enero January
febrero February
marzo March
abril April
mayo May
junio June
julio July
agosto August
septiembre September
octubre October
noviembre November
diciembre December
¿Qué día es hoy? Es (nombre de día), (número) de (nombre de mes). What day is today? It's (name of day), (# of day) de (name of month).
cumpleaños birthday
¿como? What or how (is it)?
Las estaciones del año seasons of the year Not capitalized Usually written with the definite article (el / la).
el invierno the winter
el verano the summer
el otoño the autumn
la primavera the spring
algunas some
mundo world
gusta It pleases
Gustar To like, be pleased by
Created by: Beryl367