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BJ Chem Ch 1

Which metal was NOT likely known in Old Testament times? aluminum copper gold iron aluminum
Who is credited with discovering the element oxygen? Priestley
Which branch of chemistry studies compounds containing carbon? organic
Who first proposed that elements are substances that cannot be chemically decomposed into simpler substances? Boyle
Who proposed that substances gain something from the atmosphere when they burn? Lavoisier
Chemistry is the study of _________ and the changes that it undergoes. (6 letters) matter
What is the science of obtaining metals from ores called? metallurgy
The word chemistry is thought to be derived from the Alexandrian/Egyptian word ________ chemia
What is the mysterious substance early scientists thought was allowed to escape during burning? phlogiston
Who proposed the term atom and believed it to be the basic building block of all matter? Democritus
Is this deductive or inductive reasoning? Since Labor Day is always on a Monday, and Tuesday is the day after Monday, the day after Labor Day is always a Tuesday deductive
Anything that occupies space and has mass is __________ matter
Early pharmacists were called ______________ apothecaries
Through the middle ages early pre-chemists were called ______________ alchemists
A simple testable statement of a prediction based on available information is called a ____________ hypothesis
When a hypothesis makes as few assumptions and is as simple as possible, what principle of logic has been followed? Ockham's razor
The type of science used to develop a specific medicine for a disease (pure or applied) applied
Ideas that a person assumes to be true without proof are called __________ presuppositions
Alchemists were known for trying to convert ordinary metals into ________ gold
The perspective from which one sees and interprets all of life (p. 2) worldview
Bearing a likeness to God (Gen. 1:26-27 on p. 2) image of God
"And thou that love the Lord thy God..." (Mark 12:30-31) (p. 2) first commandment
"And thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself" (Mark 12:30-31) (p. 3) second commandment
God's first commandment to mankind: to exercise good and wise dominion over the earth by managing and using His world and its resources (Gen. 1:26, 28) (p. 3) Creation Mandate
Scientific activity that seeks to obey the Creation Mandate for the glory of God and for the benefit of other humans. (p.3) dominion science
A simplified representation of phenomena. (p.4) scientific model
An idea assumed true without proof, often used as a basis for understanding or proving other ideas. (p. 5) presupposition
A person's preference, whether intentional or unintentional, for certain conclusions over others. (p. 5) bias
The assumption that only matter exists and that there is nothing supernatural. (p. 5) naturalistic worldview
Extreme faith in human reason and science as the only reliable source of truth. (p. 5) scientism
A perspective on viewing the world based on the teachings of the Christian Scriptures. (p. 6) Christian worldview
The study of the composition and properties of matter and the energy transformations accompanying changes in the fundamental structure of matter. (p. 8) chemistry
Anything that occupies space and has mass. (p.8) matter
The process of extracting metals from their ores and adapting them for commercial use. (p.9) metallurgy
An early pharmacist who prepared and sold a wide variety of chemicals and herbs. (p. 9) apothecary
The ancient study of transmutations between base metals and gold, sickness and health, age and youth, or even earthly and supernatural existence. (p. 10) alchemy
The systematicstudy of nature based on observations and the collection of knowledge that results from that study. (p. 12) science
Exploring natural products and processes for specific applications to benefit humans. (p. 12) applied science
Studying nature simply to learn new things about the universe we live in. ((p.12) pure science
Questions which direct and stimulate scientific inquiry. (p. 13) scientific questions
A description (often mathematical) of the behavior of matter and energy based on the results of many experiments; describes a recognizable, repeating pattern in nature. law
A logical method of problem-solving that starts with observations and is based on inductive reasoning. (p. 17) scientific method
Using our senses of taste, touch, hearing, sight, and smell to learn about the natural world. (p. 13) observations
Unaffected by the observer's personal biases and presuppositions. (p. 13) objective
Observations such as texture of color that use non-numerical data. (p. 13) qualitative data
Observations such as size or mass that use numberical data. quantitative data
Arguments from general, accepted statements called premises to more specific conclusions. (p. 13) deductive reasoning
Arguments that begin with known facts and proceed to general conclusions. (p. 13) inductive reasoning
The characteristic that makes information useful or valuable in applying to other situations; the most important characteristic of a scientific model. (p. 15) workability
A repeatable procedure that involves observing a natural process, sometimes under controlled conditions, for the purpose of analysis. (p. 15) experiment
An experiment where only one condition is varied at a time to isolate and measure its effect on the outcome. (p. 16) controlled experiment
Describes an explanation determined or data gathered by experimentation, for example, empirical data. (p. 16) empirical
A temporary, testable explanation of a phenomenon that stimulates and guides further scientific investigation. (p. 16) hypothesis
A hypothesis must make as few assumptions and be as simple as possible. (p. 16) Ockham's razor
An experiment in which the conditions cannot be controlled. (p. 16) natural experiment
A process that involves randomly selecting representative samples from a larger population to learn about the characteristics of the population as a whole. (p. 16) scientific survey
An overarching explanation of scientific observations. Theories are valuable for guiding future study and making predictions. (p. 17) theory
Created by: MArCHChemBJ