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Spanish 201, Ch. 1

estar enamorado/a (de) to be in love (with)
estar enojado/a to be angry
estar enfadado//enojado to be annoyed//angry
estar entusiasmado/a to be enthusiastic (about) OR to be excited (about)
estar preocupado/a (por) to be worried (about)
estar casado/a (con) to be married (to)
estar comprometido/a (con) to be engaged (to)
estar divorciado/a (de) to be divorced (from)
estar separado/a (de) to be separated (from)
estar a punto de (+ infinitive) to be about (to do something)
estar bien / bueno/a to be all right/good
estar con prisa to be in a hurry
estar contento/a to be happy
estar de acuerdo to agree
estar de buen humor to be in a good mood
estar de mal humor to be in a bad mood
estar de paso to be passing by
estar de vacaciones to be on vacation
estar embarazada to be pregnant
estar equivocado/a to be wrong
estar muerto/a to be dead
estar sano/a to be healthy
estar vivo to be alive
borracho/a drunk
¿Cómo es? What is it/he/she like?
el carácter temperament
el comportamiento behavior
comportar(se) to behave
dominante domineering
la infancia childhood
el/la mayor eldest
la mayoría majority
el/la mediano/a middle child
el/la menor youngest
la minoría minority
la moda fashion
el nacimiento birth
el/la primogénito first-born
el resultado result
el ser humano human being
complejo complex
el/la vecino/a neighbor
el/la viudo/a widower/widow
sobre on/about
el papel paper, role (ex: the role in a movie)
sencillo/a simple
roles establecidos established roles
algo something
como like, since, as
además furthermore, what's more
es más furthermore
también also
antes before
después de after
entonces then
pues then, well
el/la cónyuge spouse
la familia nuclear/la familia inmediata/la familia próxima nuclear (core/immediate/close) family
el/la hijo/a son/daughter
los hijos/los niños children
la madre mother
el matrimonio marriage
el/la nieto/a grandson/granddaughter
el padre father
los padres parents
el/los papá(s) dad(dy)/parents
la pareja couple/partner/lover
el amor love
el apoyo support
el bebé baby
la boda wedding
el cambio change
la crianza bringing up, rearing
el dato data, fact(s)
el deber duty, obligation
el derecho right
el divorcio divorce
el embarazo pregnancy
la falta de the lack of
el integrante member
el lazo familiar family tie
la maternidad maternity
la mudanza the move
el/la pariente/a relative
la paternidad paternity
el porcentaje percentage
el respeto respect
el sostén support
el tamaño size
la tasa de natalidad birth rate
la unidad unity
aumentar to increase
cambiar (al bebé) to change (the baby's diaper)
casar(se) to get married
contar (ue) to count
continuar to continue
contraer matrimonio to get married
convivir to live together
crecer (irr. yo form) to grow
criar to raise, rear
cuidar to take care of
elegir (i) to choose
mimar to pamper, indulge
mostrar (ue) to show
mover (ue) to move
mover(se) (ue) to move (reflexive)
mudar(se) to change residence
optar to opt, choose
parecer (zc) to seem
parecer(se) (zc) to resemble, to look like
reflejar to reflect
seguir (i) to follow
basado/a (en) based (on)
intacto/a intact
junto/a together
monoparental single-parent
rizado curly-headed/curly-haired
sano/a healthy
variado/a varied
alrededor (de) around
aunque although, though, even if
en cuanto a as far as, with respect to, regarding
hoy en día nowadays
no solo . . . not only
sino también but also
por ciento percent
según according to
ya que since, seeing as; now that
caminar to walk
correr to run
escribir to write
aceptar to accept
adoptar to adopt
ahorrar to save
amar to love
cambiar to change
cuidar to take care of
determinar to determine
explicar to explain
gastar to spend (money)
llevar to take, to carry
madurar to mature
mimar to pamper/spoil
ocupar to occupy
odiar to hate
pesar to weigh
protestar to protest
separar to separate
tolerar to tolerate
usar to use
visitar to visit
aprender // (+ infinitive) to learn // to do something
beber to drink
comer to eat
comprender to understand
creer to believe
deber // (+ infinitive) ought to, should // must
leer to read
vender to sell
asistir to attend
compartir to share
decidir to decide
discutir to argue
insistir to insist
permitir to allow
recibir to receive
vivir to live
Question word + verb + subject To ask questions (grammar)
¿Cómo? How?
¿Cuál? Which (one)?
¿Cuáles? Which one(s)?
¿Cuándo? When?
¿Cuánto/a? How much?
¿Cuántos/as? How many?
¿Dónde? Where?
¿De dónde? Where . . . from?
¿Adónde? Where . . . to?
¿Por qué? Why?
¿Qué? What?
¿Quién/quiénes? Who?
bastante enough/quite
basar to base on
sigue siendo he/she/it continues to be
ya already
cantidad quantity; number
predominar to predominate
el de la // el del . . . that of the . . .
desaparecer (irr. yo form) to disappear
hasta until
motivo reason/motive
otro/otra another
estable stable
aceptación acceptance
fuerte strong or sturdy
fuera outside
no te preocupes don't worry
¿Qué me cuentas? What's up?
el/la abuelo/a grandfather/grandmother
el/la bisabuelo/a (materna/paterna) great-grandfather/great-grandmother (maternal/paternal)
el/la cuñado/a brother-in-law/sister-in-law
el/la esposo/a husband/wife
el esposo de mi madre/la esposa de mi padre stepfather/stepmother
la familia extendida extended family
el/la gemelo/a twin
el hijo único/la hija única only child
el marido husband
el medio hermano/la media hermana half-brother/half-sister
el/la hermanastra/hermanastro stepbrother/stepsister
el/la novio/novia boyfriend/girlfriend
la nuera daughter-in-law
el pariente lejano/la parienta lejana distant relative
el/la primo/a cousin
el/la sobrino/a nephew/niece
el/la suegro/a father-in-law/mother-in-law
los suegros in-laws
el/la tío/tía uncle/aunt
el tío abuelo/la tía abuela great-uncle/great-aunt
el yerno son-in-law
Hola. ¿Cómo andan/andas? Hello. How's it going?
¿Qué tal? How are things?
¿Cómo estás/están? How are you?
Hola. ¡Tanto tiempo sin verte! Hello. Long time, no see!
¿Qué hay de nuevo? What's new?
¿Cómo te va? How is it going?
Le te presento a . . . Let me introduce you to . . .
Permítame que me presente Allow me to introduce myself
Mucho gusto --> El gusto es mío! Nice to meet you --> The pleasure is mine!
Encantado/a Delighted to meet you
Es un placer It's a pleasure to meet you
Es un objeto que se usa para . . . It is an object used for . . .
Es una cosa que sirve para . . . It is a thing that serves to . . .
Es una persona que . . . It is a person that . . .
Es una actividad que . . . It is an activity that . . .
Es un lugar donde . . . It is a place where . . .
Es como . . . It's like . . .
Se parece a . . . It looks like . . .
Suena como . . . It sounds like . . .
Es uno bebida / un alimento que It is a drink / food that . . .
Es una palabra que se usa cuando . . . It is a word that is used when . . .
Significa que . . . It means that . . .
apasionado/a passionate
atrevido/a daring
callado/a quiet
cariñoso/a loving
castaño/a chestnut-colored, brown, hazel
celoso jealous
culto/a well-educated
débil weak
divertido/a amusing, funny
educado/a polite
maleducado/a rude
enfermo/a sick
flaco/a thin, skinny
insensato/a senseless/foolish
justo/a just/fair
largo/a long
leal loyal
lindo/a beautiful/pretty
maduro/a mature
mayor older
peleador/a quarrelsome
perezoso/a lazy
sensato/a sensible
decir to say
estar to be
ir to go
oír to hear
reír to laugh
ser to be
tener to have
venir to come
construir to build
contribuir to contribute
destruir to destroy
cerrar (e --> ie) to close
pedir (e --> i) to ask for
jugar (u --> ue) to play
comenzar (e --> ie) to begin
empezar (e --> ie) to start
entender (e --> ie) to understand
mentir (e --> ie) to lie
pensar (e --> ie) to think
perder (e --> ie) to lose
preferir (e --> ie) to prefer
querer (e --> ie) to love; to want
recomendar (e --> ie) to recommend
medir (e --> i) to measure
repetir (e --> i) to repeat
seguir (e --> i) to follow
servir (e --> i) to serve
almorzar (o --> ue) to each lunch
costar (o --> ue) to cost
devolver (o --> ue) to return (an object to its owner)
dormir (o --> ue) to sleep
encontrar (o --> ue) to meet; to find
morir (o --> ue) to die
mostrar (o --> ue) to show
poder (o --> ue) to be able
probar (o --> ue) to try; to taste
recordar (o --> ue) to remember
soñar (o --> ue) to dream
volver (o --> ue) to return (to a place)
caer (irr. yo form) to fall
dar (irr. yo form) to give
hacer (irr. yo form) to do; to make
poner (irr. yo form) to put
saber (irr. yo form) to know
salir (irr. yo form) to go out, leave
traer (irr. yo form) to bring
valer (irr. yo form) to be worth
ver (irr. yo form) to see
conocer (irr. yo form) to know
traducir (irr. yo form) to translate
aparecer (irr. yo form) to appear
crecer (irr. yo form) to grow
merecer (irr. yo form) to deserve
obedecer (irr. yo form) to obey
ofrecer (irr. yo form) to offer
reconocer (irr. yo form) to recognize
conducir (irr. yo form) to drive
producir (irr. yo form) to produce
deducir (irr. yo form) to deduce