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Bio Chem test 2

Alkene CnH2n
Alkane CnH2n+2
Alkyne CnH2n-2
Aromatic CnH2n-6
Alkane states C1-C4 Gas C5-C15 Liquid C16 & up Solid
Alkane properties -saturated -insoluble in water -ldf only -mainly fuels
Alkene properties -have DB -unsaturated -addition reactions -2 db = "diene"
Alkyne -unsaturated -addition reactions -triple bond
Ch3 Methyl
C2H5 Ethyl
CH3 CH2 Ch2 Propyl
CH3 CH CH3 Isopropyl
Benzene C6H6
Toluene C7H8 (methyl benzene)
Xylene C8H10 (dimethyl benzene)
Alkane and substitution reaction with Cl2 & Br2 only
Cis/ Trans C, DB & something else
Alcohol R-OH, "ol"
Ether R-O-R "ether"
Aldehyde O=CH-R, "Al"
Ketone R-C=O-R, "one"
Carboxylic Acids C=OOH, "oic"
Methanoic acid formnic acid
ethanoic acid acetic acid
propandioic acid malonic acid
esters R-C=OO-R, "oate"
Amine N, "amine"
NH2 primary amine
NH secondary amine
N tertiary amine
Amide R-C=ONH2, "Amide"
Alkene + H2 Alkane
Alkene + x2 (halogen) Di x Alkane
Alkene + Hcl, Hbr or HI Haloalkane *Put H on Carbon with most H
Alkene +H20 Alcohol
Alkyne + H20 Keytone/ Aldehyde *Put H on carbon with most H
Oxidation Adding O or removing H
Reduction Removing O or Adding H
Alcohol --> ester + water
H-bond Alcohol, Carboxylic Acid, Primary Amine, Secondary Amine
Dipole Ether, Aldehyde, Ketone, Tertiary Amine
Nitrile -CN
Thiol -SH
Nitro -No2
Organic compounds are: soluble/ insoluble? in water insoluble
High or Low Melting and Boiling points? Low
These have hydrogen bonding alcohols, carboxylic acids, primary amine and secondary amine
These have dipole-dipole bonding ethers, aldehyde, ketones, tertiary amine
These have higher boiling points, melting points and solubility in water alcohols, carboxylic acids, primary amine and secondary amine
Created by: brit24