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SPA102

Spanish 102

TermDefinition
?Qué hora es? What time is it (right now)?
?A qué hora es ......? At what time is (a future event happening)?
cuarto quarter - a measure of time, 15 minutes, one quarter hour, one fourth
la hora hour (f) - a measure of time, one hour or a reference to time
media middle, half (f) - a measure of time, 30 minutes, one half hour, one half
el minuto minute (m) - a measure of time, minutes
el segundo second (m) - a measure of time, seconds
cerrar to close - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (cierro, cierra, cierras, cierran)
comenzar to begin, to commence (interchangeable with empezar) - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (comienzo, comienza, comienzas, comienzan)
despertar to wake someone else up - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (despierto, despierta, despiertas, despiertan)
despertarse to wake oneself up - irregular conjugation and requires reflexive pronoun, stem change form "e" to "ie" (me despierto, se despierta, te despiertas, se despiertan)
empezar to begin, to embark (interchangeable with comenzar) - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (empiezo, empiezas, empieza, empiezan)
entender to understand, to comprehend - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (entiendo, entiendes, entiende, entienden)
mentir to lie - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (miento, mientes, miente, mienten)
pensar to think, to think about something - irregular conjugation from "e" to "ie" (pienso, piensas, piensa, piensen)
pensar + infinitive to plan to do something - irregular conjugation from "e" to "ie" (pienso comer, piensas bailar, piensa caminar, piensan estudiar)
perder to lose (the road to perdition) - irregular conjugation from "e" to "ie" (pierdo, pierdes, pierde, pierden)
preferier to prefer (to like one thing more than another) - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (prefiero, prefieres, prefiere, prefieren)
querer to want something - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (quiero, quieres, quiere, quieren)
sentarse to sit oneself down (reflexive) - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" (me siento, te sientes, se siente, se sienten)
tener to have - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" and irregular yo form (tengo, tienes, tiene, tienen)
venir to come - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "ie" and irregular yo form (vengo, vienes, viene, vienen)
acostar to put someone to bed, to go to bed - irregular conjugation, stem change from "o" to "ue" (acuesto, acuestas, acuesta, acuestan)
acostarse to put yourself to bed (reflexive) - irregular conjugation, stem changes from "o" to "ue" and requires reflexive pronoun (me acuesto, te acuestas, se acuesta, se aquestan, nos acostamos, os acostáis)
almorzar to have lunch, to eat lunch - irregular conjugation, stem changes from "o" to "ue" (almuerzo, almuerzas, almuerza, almuerzan)
costar to cost - irregular conjugation, stem change from "o" to "ue" (cuesto, cuestas, cuesta, cuestan)
devolver + thing to return a thing (not used with people, only things) - irregular conjugation, stem change from "o" to "ue" (devuelvo, devuelves, devuelve, devuelven)
dormir to sleep - irregular conjugation, stem change from "o" to "ue" (duermo, duerme, duermes, duermen)
encontrar to find, to encounter - irregular conjugation, stem change from "o" to "ue" (encuentro, encuentras, encuentra, encuentran)
poder to be able to, can, possible to do - irregular conjugation, stem change from "o" to "ue" (puedo, puedes, puede, pueden)
probar to try, to probe - irregular conjugation, stem change from "o" to "ue" (pruebo, pruebas, prueba, prueban)
volver, volver + location to return, to return from a place - irregular conjugation, stem change from "o" to "ue" (vuelvo, vuelves, vuelve, vuelven)
decir to say, to describe - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "i" and irregular yo form (digo, dices, dice, dicen)
pedir to ask for, to order, petition, plea - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "i" (pido, pides, pide, piden)
servir to serve - irregular conjugation, stem change from "e" to "i" (sirvo, sirves, sirve, sirven)
jugar to play (a game, instrument, or sport) - irregular conjugation, stem change from "u" to "ue" (juego, jueges, juege, juegen)
tener calor to be hot, to feel hot (m) use mucho
tener frío to be cold, to feel cold (m) use mucho
tener hambre to be hungry, to feel hungry (f) use mucha
tener miedo to feel scared, to be scared (m) use mucho
tener sed to be thirsty, to feel thirsty (f) use mucha
tener sueño to be sleepy, to be tired (m) use mucho
tener vergüenza to be embarrassed (f) use mucha
?De qué color es ......? What color is (an object)?
amarillo/a yellow
anaranjado/a orange
azul blue
blanco/a white
gris grey
marrón brown
morado/a purple
negro/a black
rojo/a red
rosado/rosada, rosa pink
verde green
claro/a light
oscuro/a dark
de cuadros plaid, with quarters
de lunares polka-dotted, with moons
de rayas striped, with rays
el abrigo coat (m)
la blusa blouse (f)
el bolso purse (m)
las botas boots (f)
la bufanda scarf (f)
la camisa shirt (f)
la camiseta t-shirt (f)
la cartera purse (f)
la chaqueta jacket (f)
el cinturón belt (m)
la corbata tie (f)
la falda skirt (f)
las gafas, las gafas del sol glasses, sunglasses (f)
la gorra cap (f)
la manga corta/larga short sleeve/long sleeve (f)
las medias socks (f)
los pantalones pants (m)
los pantalones cortos shorts (m)
el pañuelo scarf, handkerchief (m)
la ropa interior underwear (f)
el saco sports coat (m)
las sandalias, las sandalias de playa sandals, flip-flips, beach sandals (f0
el sombrero hat (m)
el suéter sweater (m)
el traje suit (m)
el traje de baño bathing suit (m)
el vestido dress (m)
los zapatos shoes (m)
los zapatos de tacón alto high-heeled shoes (m)
los zapatos de tenis, los tenis tennis shoes (m)
?De qué (item) es? What material is (item) made of?
el algodón cotton (m)
el cuero leather (m)
la lana wool (f)
el nailon/nilón nylon (m)
el rayón rayon (m)
la seda silk (f)
barrato/a inexpensive
caro/a expensive
estar de moda to be in style
ir de compras to go shopping
llevar to wear
el número de los zapatos/las botas shoe size
el precio price
la talla clothing size
ta queda bien it looks good on you, it fits you well
?Cuánto cuesta/n.....? How much is (item)? How much are (items)?
a eso de around, to go around
abrir to open
acabar de + infinitive to have just done something
el concierto concert
creer to think, to believe
Cuesta un ojo de la cara it costs an arm and a leg
después/luego/más tarde later on, then
después de + infinitive after a thing (after class, after a party, after eating, etc)
la dirección address
me fascina/n I love it! I love them!
!No me diga/s! No kidding! No joke!
No me gusta/n nada I don't like it at all. I don't like them at all.
por fin finally, at last
primero first
se come muy bien.... they/people/one eats really well....