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Bureaucracy Cards


A large organization composed of appointed officers in which authority is divided among several managers Bureaucracy
1883 law which began the process of transferring federal jobs form patronage to the merit system Pendleton Act
Bureaucratic appointments made on the basis of political considerations Patronage
Money formally set aside for a specific use Appropriation
Members of interest groups, congressional staffers, university faculty, experts in think tanks, and members of the media who regularly debate government policy on a certain subject Issue network
1939 law that prohibits civil servants from active participation in partisan politics; amended in 1993 Hatch Act
The policy-making network composed of a government agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group Iron triangle
A bureaucratic pathology in which agencies tend to grow without regard to the benefits their programs confer or the costs they entail Imperialism
Money outside the regular government budget; funds beyond the control of congressional appropriations committees Trust fund
A law passed in 1966 giving citizens the right to inspect all government records except those containing military, intelligence, or trade secrets or information revealing private personnel actions Freedom of Information Act
The ability of a bureaucracy to choose courses of action and make policies not spelled out in advance by laws Discretionary authority
The practice of a legislative committee determining the amount an agency can spend on a yearly basis; curtails the power of the appropriations committees Annual authorization
An 1989 law creating an Office of Special Counsel to investigate complaints from bureaucrats claiming they were punished after reporting to Congress about waste, fraud, or abuse in their agencies Whistleblower Protection Act
Congressional supervision of the bureaucracy Oversight
A bureaucratic pathology in which some agencies seem to be working at cross-purposes to other agencies Conflict
Legislation that originates in a legislative committee stating the maximum amount of money that an agency may spend on a given program Authorization
A bureaucratic pathology in which an agency spends more than is necessary to buy some product or service Waste
A bureaucratic pathology in which complex rules and procedures must be followed to get things done Red tape
A bureaucratic pathology in which two or more government agencies seem to be doing the same thing Duplication
A large organization composed of appointed officers in which authority is divided among several managers Bureaucracy
Created by: betsynewmark