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Carbs and Lipids

cava chem 303 s2d71 7.04 Carbs and Lipids

QuestionAnswer
sugars and starches are [-ates] sugars and starches are carbohydrates
carbohydrates are sugars and molecules made by bonding [...] together carbohydrates are sugars and molecules made by bonding sugars together
'saccharine' means [...] saccharine' means sweet
A single sugar is a [-ide] A single sugar is a monosaccharide
'mono-' means [...]. mono-' means one.
'di-' means [...] di-' means two
A disaccharide is [...] A disaccharide is two sugars bonded together
A polysaccharide is [...] A polysaccharide is many sugars bonded together
[...] is another name for polysaccharide Starch is another name for polysaccharide
fats, oils, and waxes are types of [-s]. fats, oils, and waxes are types of lipids.
A [...] acid is a non-polar carbon chain attached to a carboxyl group. A fatty acid is a non-polar carbon chain attached to a carboxyl group.
Glycerol is a [...]-carbon alcohol. Glycerol is a 3-carbon alcohol.
Fats are [-ides]: 3 fatty acids bonded to the 3 carbons of a glycerol molecule Fats are triglycerides: 3 fatty acids bonded to the 3 carbons of a glycerol molecule
phosphate is a molecule made of one [...] and 4 oxygens phosphate is a molecule made of one phosphorus and 4 oxygens
a [...] is 2 fatty acids bonded to a phosphate group. a phospholipid is 2 fatty acids bonded to a phosphate group.
A phospholipid is [...]-soluble at the phosphate end, but not at the fatty acid region A phospholipid is water-soluble at the phosphate end, but not at the fatty acid region
Steroids (including cholesterol) are a category of lipids that involve non-polar [...] structures. Steroids (including cholesterol) are a category of lipids that involve non-polar ring structures.
[...] are very long lipids with higher melting points than other lipids. Waxes are very long lipids with higher melting points than other lipids.
Fats are triglycerides: 3 [...] bonded to the 3 carbons of a glycerol molecule Fats are triglycerides: 3 fatty acids bonded to the 3 carbons of a glycerol molecule
Fats are triglycerides: 3 fatty acids bonded to the 3 carbons of a [...] molecule Fats are triglycerides: 3 fatty acids bonded to the 3 carbons of a glycerol molecule
Created by: mr.shapard