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Acids and Bases

A sour taste is associated with acids
A base usually feels slippery
A single proton is the difference between the members of a _____________pair conjugate pair
these acid base scales are based on the self-ionization of H2O water pH and pOH scales
pain experienced in the esophagus due to acid moving into the esophagus, due to overeating Acid Reflux
Gain of a proton is called Protonation
The definition for acids and bases that deal only with aqueous solutions Arrhenius acids and bases
Do all bases contain an OH group No, but if they don't , when they ionize with water, they join up with the O in H2O to create OH- ions.
What color does litmus turn in the presence of bases? Blue
What color does litmus turn in the presence of acids? Red
When phenolphthalein turns bright pink it is in the presence an acid or a base? Base
The broadest definition for acids and bases are Lewis acids and bases
A pH of 14 is (acid, base, or neutral)? base
A pH of 7 is (acid, base, or neutral)? neutral
A pH of 2 is (acid, base, or neutral)? acid
What ions do acids produce in solution? hydrogen ions: which react with water to create hydronium ions
What ions do bases produce in solution? OH-
What is the general equation representing acid-base reactions in water? acid + base --> salt + water
Neutralization takes place in a______________solution water
Substances that change color when the pH of a solution changes are known as? indicators
What is the difference between a strong acid and a weak acid? In strong acids, nearly all the acid molecules dissociate into ions. In weak acids, a small fraction of the molecules dissolve in water.
What were the reactants responsible for the reaction in the video? Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and sucrose (C11H22O11)
What were the products in the reaction between Sulfuric acid and sucrose carbon + water
What was the unit of measure of concentration we used for the acid solutions? Molarity
When working with sulfuric acid, we kept sodium carbonate on hand as a safety, because it is a __________ that reacts with the acid to create a _______________reaction. base/neutralization
Created by: IcanDance