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Quiz Bowl Sp 3-4

Spanish 3-4 questions

QuestionAnswer
Who was proclaimed the Queen of Segovia in 1474? Isabel/ Isabella
In what year did the Moors take over southern Spain? 711
Who were the Olmecs? The first Indian civilization in Mexico
In what country are the caves of Altamira located, famous for ancient artwork? Spain
What is unique about the gardens of Xochimilco in Mexico City? They float
The official language of the largest South American country is not Spanish. Name the country and the language. Brazil, Portuguese
What was the capital city of the Incas of Peru? Cuzco
Who was the last ruler of the Aztecs? Cuauhtemoc/ Moctezuma’s nephew
Who was La Malinche? An Indian princess given to Cortes to serve as his translator
What is the Spanish language called in Spain? Castellano/ Castillian
What strait is located between Spain and Morocco? Hint: this is a British air base. Gibraltar
What is the name of a store where fish is sold? Pescadería
Where is the largest port in Spain? Barcelona
Who first introduced the olive to Spain? The Phoenicians
For which king did Columbus claim the New World? Fernando/ Ferdinand
How did Moctezuma II die? He was killed in an Aztec rebellion against the Spaniards.
Who were the earliest known inhabitants of what is now Spain? The Iberians
What Mexican general negotiated the surrender of Mexico in the Mexican-American War? Santa Anna
What are the grasslands of Argentina called? Pampas
Who was the general who became the dictator of Spain? Francisco Franco
What group of people were the first to use arches in architecture? The Moors/ Arabs/ Muslims
Where is the most famous Roman aqueduct in Spain? Segovia
What civilization first cultivated the potato? The Inca
What Mexican president was a Zapotec Indian from Oaxaca? Benito Juarez
During which century did Pablo Picasso paint most of his works? 20th
What country destroyed the Spanish Armada? England
What is the capital of Costa Rica? San José
What group of people invaded Spain in 711 and remained until 1492? The Moors/ Arabs/ Muslims
What spice is added to Mexican hot chocolate? Cinnamon
What are “tapas?” Afternoon snacks in Spain
What happens in July in Pamplona, Spain, during the festival of San Fermín? The running of the bulls
What is the “popul vuh?” The Bible of Central American Indians
In which country is the volcano Popocatépetl located? Mexico
What would you buy at a “lechería?” Dairy products/ milk/ cheese
What famous bandit led the northern revolutionary troops in the Mexican Civil War, or “La Revolución?” Pancho Villa (whose real name was Doroteo Arango)
Which Portuguese explorer left for a voyage around the world in the name of Spain in 1519? Ferdinand Magellan
What three countries border Mexico? United States, Guatemala, Belize
What is the “flor de nochebuena?” The poinsettia
Which South American country is named after Simón Bolívar? Bolivia
What is a “charro?” A Mexican cowboy
What do you add to the end of a Spanish noun to show friendliness or affection? -ito or -ita
What is the name of the institution which persecuted Jews and Muslims in Spain? The Spanish Inquisition
Is it cheaper to sit in “sol” or “sombra” at a bullfight? Sol (Seats in the shade are more expensive than seats in the sun.)
How many years did it take Cortés and his men to conquer Mexico? 2 years
What was the main reason that Spain colonized Mexico? Gold
What is the unusual ingredient in the sauce of Mole Poblano, a chicken dish from southern Mexico? Chocolate
When is the main meal of the day, la comida, served in Mexico? Early afternoon/ lunch
Where can you hear the cheer “Ole?” At a bullfight
On what side of the street do Spaniards drive? Right
Although elements of Mexican cuisine have been borrowed from other cultures, from which Indian group does it have its primary origins? Mayan
The bear and the tree are symbols of what Spanish city? Madrid
Which Caribbean island houses 2 nations, one French speaking and one Spanish speaking? Hispaniola
What Chilean Province, famed for its giant statues, is located more than 2,000 miles west of the South American coast? Easter Island
How many meals are there in a typical Spanish day? 6
What does “Pre-Columbian” mean? Before Columbus’ arrival to the New World
When do Mexicans celebrate the anniversary of the Battle of Puebla against the French? May 5 (Cinco de Mayo)
This place won its Independence from Mexico in 1836. Texas
What did Juan Diego have a vision of? The Virgen of Guadalupe
How many years did Spain rule Mexico? 300
How often should you use USTED when visiting a Spanish speaking country? Always
What is the name of the Peninsula where Spain is located? Iberian Peninsula
What is the capital of Spain? Madrid
What are the mountains that separate Spain and France? Pyrenees
What is the most famous art museum in Madrid? El Prado
Who are referred to as “the Catholic kings?” Fernando and Isabella (Ferdinand and Isabel)
Who are the “Tres Reyes Magos?” Three kings
When is Carnival celebrated? Before lent
When it is summer in Missouri, what season is it in South America? Winter
What is the largest Spanish speaking city? Mexico City/ Mexico DF
What is the most famous sport in Latin America? Soccer
Which country shares the Iberian Peninsula with Spain? Portugal
What is the Spanish word for a person of mixed European and Indian blood? Mestizo
What metal is mined near Taxco, Mexico? Silver
What is the largest industrial city in Mexico? Monterrey
What sickly child grew up to be the conqueror of Mexico? Hernan Cortes
How many men did Cortes bring with him? 600
What is the name of the largest South American river? Amazon
What does the name Buenos Aires mean? Good air
What forms the natural boundary between Chile and Argentina? Andes mountains
Who were the king and queen who finances Columbus? Ferdinand and Isabel/ Fernando and Isabella
Who was the first communist dictator of Cuba? Fidel Castro
Who were Gaspar, Mechar, and Baltesar? 3 kings
What breed of dog originated in Mexico? Chihuahua
What four United States border Mexico? California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas
What two animals appear on the Mexican flag? Eagle and snake
What Spanish explorer conquered the Incas? Pizarro
What river forms the boundary between the US and Mexico? Rio Grande
What country is famous for its gauchos, or cowboys? Argentina
What continent is Uruguay on? South America
What religion is practiced in most of Latin America? Catholicism
Many Spanish words beginning with the letters “al” are of what origin? Arabic
Who wears a “suit of lights?” A matador
Which Peninsula did the Mayans inhabit? Yucatan
What do children leave out for the three kings? Shoes
What are the colors of the Spanish flag? Red and gold/ red and yellow
What beverage was reserved for the priests and royalty among Aztecs? Chocolate
When do you say “Buen provecho?” Before a meal
What is the expression used when someone sneezes? Salud *Salud, Amor, Dinero is also an acceptable answer.
Many Hispanic people celebrate this day in addition to their Birthday. Saint’s Day
What is Ecuador named for? The equator
What is the capital of Ecuador? Quito
Who led the movement to obtain Independence from the Spanish? Simon Bolivar
Who wrote Man of la Mancha? Cervantes
Who is the main character in Man of la Mancha? Don Quijote
What is the nickname for Buenos Aires, in Argentina? The Paris of Latin America
What dance became famous in Argentina? Tango
In a Hispanic engagement, who asks for the girl’s hand in marriage? The parents of the groom
Who founded Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic? Bartolome Colon, or Christopher Columbus’ brother
What are the two wedding ceremonies that often occur in the same day in Mexico? Civil and religious ceremonies
What ailment did the queen of Portugal use tobacco for in the 1560’s? Headaches
The god Quetzalcoatl often appears in Mexican art as _____________? A feathered snake
What Mexican town has two great pyramids built to the sun and the moon? Teotihuacan
What is the Mayan system of hieroglyphics? A system of writing using pictures
What concept did the Mayas invent and use in their math? Zero
What year did Mexico win its independence from Spain? 1821
What is the largest Spanish speaking country in South America? Argentina
How many years is a Mexican presidential term? 6 years
Name three Spanish speaking Caribbean islands. Dominican Republic, Cuba, Puerto Rico
What is the largest country in Central America? Nicaragua
How many Spanish speaking countries are there in South America? 9
What continent is Mexico a part of? North America