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Reaction Rate

Rates of Reaction Basics Chapter 18.1

Activation Energy the amount of energy needed in order for particles to react when they collide.
2 things that affect reaction rate frequency of collisions amount of energy with which they collide
5 things that affect frequency of collisions and the amount energy in a reaction temperature, pressure, surface area, concentration, catalyst
As a reaction progresses the rate decreases because why? The reactants are getting used up and the products being produced are interfering with the collisions
In order for a reaction to take place, the particles must ________________ with each other. collide
What does a catalyst do that changes the reaction rate? It lowers the activation energy
What are some examples of how catalysts are used in industry? Catalytic converter, margarine production, laundry detergent
Is a catalyst an active reactant in a reaction? No, it remains unchanged
If the temperature is raised the reaction rate will ________. Increase
If the pressure is decreased the reaction rate will ______. decrease
As a reaction takes place, the reactants are getting used up and the products being produced are interfering with the collisions, what does this mean for the reaction rate? It will slow down and eventually stop when the product is at 100%.
What did the breathe fire lab demonstrate? That increased surface area increases the reaction rate.
What did the water to oil lab demonstrate? That some reactions can seemingly take place in an instant
What did the elephant toothpaste lab demonstrate? The use of a catalyst can increase the reaction rate greatly and can produce heat. (Exothermic)
Created by: nmhardison