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Solutions Chapter 16

Solutions Dilutions Molarity

3 factors that affect how fast a substance dissolves stirring/agitation, temperature, size of solute/surface area
Solubility Ability to dissolve
Saturated solution maximum amount of solute
Unsaturated less solute than the maximum amount
Supersaturated More than the maximum amount
miscible 2 liquids dissolving, like alcohol and water
immiscible 2 liquids not dissolving, like oil and water
Solute what is being dissolved like the sugar in our rainbow tubes lab
Solvent what is doing the dissolving, like the water in our rainbow tubes lab
Molarity The concentration moles per liter
Henrys Law Gas under pressure increases its solubility, like carbonated soda
concentration the amount of solute per quantity of solvent
dilute small amount of solute in a solvent, less concentrated
% by volume [mL of solute/mL of solvent] x 100
% by mass [g of solute/g of solvent]x100
When diluting a concentrated solution to a new volume and molarity what equation should you use: M1V1=M2V2
Created by: nmhardison