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9Sci CH 13 Hydrocarb

Organic Compunds

QuestionAnswer
Organic compound most chemical compounds that contain the element carbon are organic compounds
Hydrocarbon more than 90% of all compounds are organic
Saturated hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons containing only single-bonded carbon atoms
Isomers Identical chemical formulas but different molecular structures and shapes
Unsaturated hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons that contain at least one or double or triple bond between carbon atoms
Aromatic compound a compound that contains the benzene ring structure
Substituted hydrocarbon hydrogen atoms replaced by atoms of other elements
alcohol is formed when -OH groups replace it by hydrogen atoms in a Hydrocarbon
biomass organic material from wood, sugarcane, corn, crop, and animal wastes
biogas mix of gases, mostly methane, produced from Biomass
Energy farming the growing of plants for use as fuel
Gasohol fermenting corn to make alcohol to mix with gasoline
Ring Prefix Cyclo-
Single Bond Suffix -ane
Double Bond Suffix -ene
Triple Bond Suffix -yne
Single Bond General Formula Cn H 2n+2
Double Bond General Formula Cn H2n
Triple Bond General Formula Cn H 2n-2
Ring General Formula Cn H2n
Created by: hockettd