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Chapter 24/25 Vocabulary: Organic Compounds and Functional Groups

Organic Chemistry The study of compounds that contain the element Carbon
Hydrocarbon An organic compound that contains only Carbon and Hydorgen
Alkane Hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds (saturated hydrocarbons)
Alkene hydrocarbon containing only one one or more Carbon bonds (unsaturate hydrocarbons)
Alkyne hydrocarbon containing one or more Carbon triple bonds (unsaturated hydrocarbons)
Functional group a specific arrangement of atoms in an a specific arrangement of atoms in an organic compound that is capeable of characteristic chemical reactions;the chemistry of an organic compound is determined by its functional groups
Cis a term applied to geometric isomers; it denotes an arrangement in which the substituted are on the same side of the double bond
Trans a term applied to geometric isomers; it denotes an arrangement in which the substituted groups are on opposite sides of the double bond
Isomer Same atoms with different properties (physical and structural)
Saturated organic compound in which all carbon atoms are joined by single covalent bonds containing the maximum number of hydrogen
Unsaturated an organic compound whigh one or more couble or triple carbon bonds
IUPAC an internationally accepted sysem of naming compounds proposed by International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Created by: KellyBeck