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Ch. 26 History Vocab

Containment American policy to stop the spread of communism with economic aid
Marshall Plan U.S.'s plan to rebuild Europe after WWII
Berlin Blockade Stalin closed all highways and rail routes into West Berlin. He had West Berlin completely blocked off.
Berlin Airlift 327 day operation in which U.S. and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948
2nd Red Scare Fear of communism in the U.S. for the second time; it came about after the Soviets tested an atomic bomb and spread communist control to China.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) A defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by 10 Western European countries, the U.S., and Canada
Iron Curtain describes an imaginary line that separated Communist countries in the Soviet bloc of Eastern Europe from countries in Western Europe.
Truman Doctrine U.S. policy of providing economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents
Mao Zedong Ruler in northern China, relied on financial aid from Soviets
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) congressional committee that investigated communist influence inside and outside the U.S. government in the years after WWII
Hollywood Ten 10 witnesses from the film industry who refused to cooperate with the HUAC's investigation of Communist influence in Hollywood.
Joseph McCarthy republican, most famous anti-communist activist
McCarthysim The attacks, by Joseph McCarthy and others on people suspected of being communists in the early 1950s
38th Parallel Before the Korean War, it was the border between North and South Korea
Inchon After the North Koreans pushed the South into Pusan, the UN and U.S. helped the South Koreans sail to Inchon to attack the North from behind
Communism An economic and political system based on one party government and state ownership of property
Brinkmanship The practice of threatening an enemy with massive military retaliation for any aggression
Massive Retaliation U.S.'s pledge to use overwhelming force in the case of war with Soviets
CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) A U.S. agency created to gather secret information about foreign governments
Nikita Krushchev Leader of Soviet Union after Stalin
Warsaw Pact A military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and its Eastern Europe satellites
Eisenhower Doctrine A U.S. commitment to defend the middle East against attack by any communist country, announced by President Eisenhower
ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) missiles that can be launched from continent to continent; delivered nuclear weapons
Sputnik world's first artificial satellites launched by Soviets in 1957
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Space Exploration program in the U.S.
Nuclear Fallout radioactive dust in the atmosphere after an atomic bomb is dropped
Levittown Levitt's 1st postwar development - rows of standardized homes built on treeless lots
Sunbelt territory receiving a lot of sunshine; southern US from California to Florida
Interstate Highway System roads connecting major cities
Arms Race competition between US and Soviets for superiority in the development of weapons
U-2 Incident The downing of a U.S. spy plane and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union in 1960
Created by: taygaligher