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Chapter 6 Vocab

TermDefinition
Bicameral A legislature with two houses or parts
Census A population count taken by the census bureau
Constituents A person from a legislator's district
Gerrymander An oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
Majority Party In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong
Minority Party In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which less than half the members belong
Standing Committees Permanent committee that continues work from session to session in it's Congress
Seniority The longer you're there the more power you have
Expressed Powers Powers Congress have that are specifically stated in the Constitution
Implied Powers Powers that congress has that are not specifically stated in the Constitution
Elastic Clause Clause in Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out it's expressed powers
Impeach To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
Writ of Habeas Corpus A court order that requires the police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why
Bills of Attainder A law that punishes a person accused of a crime without trial or a fair hearing in Court.
Ex Post Facto Laws A law that would not allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
Franking Privelage The rights of Senators and Representatives to send job related mail without paying postage
Lobbyists Representative of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
Casework The work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
Pork-Barrel Projects Government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or State
Joint Resolutions A resolution passed by both houses of congress
Special Interest Groups An organization of people with common interest who try to influence government decisions
Filibuster A tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the sponsor withdraws the bill
Cloture A procedure used in the senate to limit debate on a bill
Voice Vote A voting method in which those in favor say "nay" or "yea"
Standing Vote In Congress, when members who stand will be counted as a vote on the bill
Roll Call Vote A voting method in which members use their voices to vote
Veto Refusal to sign a bill or resolution
Pocket Veto Presidents power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing within 10 days
Created by: alecperrell