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gen chem 1

msu denver professor farmer

4. WEAK ACIDS 4. HF [hydrogen flouride] HNO2 [nitrous acid] H2S [hydrogen sulfide] HCHO2 [ formic acid ] HC2H3O2 = CH3COOH [ acetic acid ] , or vinegar H2CO3 [carbonic acid] <HNO2 weak acid> <HNO3 strong acid>
4. STRONG ACIDS 4. HCl, HBr, HI, HClO3, HClO4, HNO3, H2SO4; hydrochloric, hydrobromic, hydroiodic, chloric, perchloric, nitric, sulfiric <H+ ion compounded with iclubber, chlorates 3&4, sulfate, nitrate>
4. HClO3 4. chloric ACID - strong acid
4. HClO4 4. perchloric ACID - strong acid <four-chloric, fer-chloric, perchloric> <perchloric, FERchloric, 4chloric>
4. HNO3 4. nitric ACID - strong acid
4. WEAK BASES 4. NH3 [ammonia] HCO3- [bicarbonate] NH4OH [ammonium hydroxide] NaHCO3 [ sodium bicarbonate] HCO3- has a charge of -1
4. STRONG BASES 4. GROUP 1A HYDROXIDES [ LiOH, NaOH, RbOH, CsOH, KOH ] and HEAVY GROUP 2A [ Ca(OH)2, Sr(OH)2 , Ba(OH)2 ] {mnemonic: group 1a and heavy 2a CASTROBAR}
4. NH3 4. ammonia
4. NH4 4. ammonium
4. CH3COOH 4. VINEGAR, weak acid
4. [electrolyte] definition, examples, characteristics 4. i) conducts electricity ( via IONS ) ii) ionic compounds iii) ACIDS and BASES strong acid or base = strong electrolyte weak acid or base = weak electrolyte SUGAR IS NOT AN ELECTROLYTE, does not dissociate ions, merely becomes aqueous
4. Alkaline 4. basic high pH ( lots of POTENTIAL space for H+ ions ) opposite of acidic
4. what makes an electrolyte strong or weak <electro-lyte> <electron-lysis> <ion lysis> 4. strong acid or base = strong electrolyte, weak acid or base = weak electrolyte, similar ability to lose IONS. If remains intact in solution weak electrolyte, such as sugar c6h12o6 <the more ions split, the stronger the electrolyte>
4. Identify the bases by NAME and STRENGTH 1. NaOH 2. LiOH 3. KOH 4. Ca(OH)2 5. Ba(OH)2 6. NH3 4. 1. sodium hydroxide STRONG BASE 2. lithium hydroxide STRONG BASE 3. potassium hydroxide STRONG BASE 4. calcium hydroxide STRONG BASE 5. barium hydroxide STRONG BASE 6. ammonia WEAK BASE
Unique features of GAS relative to SOLID OR LIQUIDS gasses are EXPANDABLE and COMPRESSIBLE, unlike other states of matter.
kinetic molecular theory of gases 1-5 1. gas particle size is small and the distance between them is great relative to their size. 2. gas particles travel consistently in unsystematic motion, due to collisions with their surroundings and other gas particles.
HCl Hydrochloric acid <strong acid>
Created by: danchopanda