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Chemical Bonding

What is the simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compound's formula can be established? Formula Units
Mixing of two of more atomic orbitals of similar energies on the same atom to give new orbitals of equal energy? Hybridization
Which type of bond has the greatest bond energy? Single Bond
Which type of bond has the shortest bond length? Triple Bond
What is the small discrete unit of a covalently bonded atoms? Molecule
What is a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons of different atoms that binds the atoms together? Chemical Bond
What electrons are involved in the formation of a chemical bond? Valence Electrons
What is the electrostatic attraction between positively charged nuclei and negatively charged electrons that permits two atoms to be held together? Chemical Bond
What is the bond of two covalently bonded atoms that are identical? Nonpolar Covalent
Which bond has atoms that share electrons have an unequal attraction for the electrons? Ionic
What are most chemical bonds? Purely Ionic
What is a neutral group of atoms held together by covalent bonds? Molecule
What group of elements satisfies the octet rule without forming compounds? Noble Gases
What ions or bonding in molecules cannot be correctly represented by a single Lewis Dot structure? Polyatomic
What are the mobile electrons surrounding the positive ions in a metallic bond? Dipole
What foundation is the concept that electrostatic repulsion between electron pairs surrounding an atom causes these pairs to be separated as far as possible? VSEPR Theory
What is the strength of inter molecular forces compared to molecular bonds? Weaker
Attraction between cation(+) and anion(-) ; achieve a full valence shell, not a complete transfer of electrons Ionic Bonds
Electrons are shared between two atoms, usually occurs in molecular compounds composed of nonmetals only Covalent Bonds
Metal atoms share mobile "sea" of electrons, electrons move easily, conduct electricity Metallic Bonds
Unbonded "Free" atoms have high Ep (potential energy); bonding causes decrease Ep, energy often given off Energetics of Bonding
The amount of energy needed to break a bond Bond Energy
"S" and "P" orbitals blend when bonding to form hybrid orbitals Hybridization
Created by: swingren