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Anything that has mass and takes up space. matter
The amount of matter in something. mass
The amount of space something occupies. volume
Smallest unit of matter. atom
Number of protons in an atom of a given element atomic number
Number of protons plus the number of neutrons in an atom atomic mass number
Center of the atom that has the protons and neutrons (heaviest part of the atom). nucleus
Positive subatomic particle in the nucleus. proton
Neutral subatomic particle in the nucleus neutron
Negative subatomic particle that is around the outside of the nucleus. electron
Ability to be flattened into a sheet; bendable, malleable
Horizontal rows on periodic table.(across left to right) periods
Vertical columns on periodic table.(up and down) group or family
Shiny, good conductors, malleable, ductility. metal
Poor conductors, brittle,mostly gases, dull. nonmetal
matter that has the same composition and properties throughout. substance
what something is made up of is called it's composition
characteristic or trait;something that describes property
a substance that is made up of atoms of two more different elements that are chemically bound compound
any group of two or more atoms joined together. molecule
made of two or more different substances mixed together that keep their individual properties mixture
filtering, straining, or by evaporation. how mixtures can be separated
Type of mixture where 2 or more substances are evenly mixed. Particles of the substances are so small that they cannot be easily seen. homogeneous
also called solutions homogeneous mixture
type of mixture where substances are not evenly mixed.The particles of the substances can be easily seen and separated. heterogeneous
Hydrogen H
Carbon C
nitrogen N
oxygen O
chlorine Cl
magnesium Mg
zinc Zn
calcium Ca
phosphorus P
Iodine I
Silicon Si
copper Cu
aluminum Al
silver Ag
gold Au
iron Fe
helium He
potassium K
sodium Na
flourine Fl
unit of measure for mass gram
unit of measurement for volume liters, cm3
Have properties that are similar to metals and nonmetals, found along the Zig zag line on PTE metalloids
Elements to the left of the Zig zag line on PTE metals
Elements to the right of the zig zag line on PTE nonmetals
The ability to be drawn into a wire without breaking ductile
Matter that is heavy for its size has this property high density
This property describes a shiny surface which reflects light luster
This property describes matter that heat and electricity moves through easily Conductivity
This property describes being able to be hammered or bent into shape. malleable
This property describes having a surface that is not shiny Dull
This property describes matter that heat and electricity do not move through easily. nonconductors or insulators
This property describes matter that will shatter if dropped or hammered. Brittle
Molecule of an element H2
molecule of a compound H2O
covalent bond formed when valence electrons are shared between atoms
covalent bonds nonmetal bonded to another nonmetal
ionic bond formed when valence electrons are transferred from metal to nonmetal
ionic bond metal bonds to nonmetal
chemical bond force that holds atoms together in a molecule.
element matter made up of only one type of atom
examples of homogeneous mixture salt water, air, sweet tea
examples of heterogeneous mixture salad, chex mix, supreme pizza
Created by: science7th
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