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Energy

Mechanical energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion or its

TermDefinition
energy Ability to do work
kinetic energy Energy in motion
potential energy Stored energy and object has which can change based on its position or shape
thermal energy Heat energy - fast the particles are moving the hotter the object is
electrical energy Energy resulting in the movement of charged particles
chemical energy The energy stored in chemical bonds of molecules
law of conservation of energy Energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transferred
energy transformation Takes place when energy changes from one form into another form.
sound energy Energy that creates noise through vibrations
radiant energy Energy that is produced by the vibrations of electrically charged particles (sun, light, radio waves)
nuclear energy Energy that is in the nucleus of an atom and powers the sun
fusion The combining of atoms (occurs in the sun)
fission The splitting of atoms (occurs in nuclear reactors)
fossil fuels Non-renewable resources such as: coal, natural gas, petroleum
conduction The transfer of heat energy through direct contact of particles within the substance
radiation The transfer of heat energy through infrared rays
convection The transfer of heat energy through the movement of particles in a liquid or a gas
temperature A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample matter
heat Thermal energy that flows from one object to another and is measured in Joules
absolute zero The temperature at which all particle motion stops (It is the coldest possible temperature)
Created by: 3095413