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WHO Meds

QuestionAnswer
Enoxaparin Sodium Structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Enoxaparin Sodium? Lovenox
What is Enoxaparin Sodium used to treat? Deep vein thrombosis, which can lead to pulmonary embolism
What is the antidote compound of Enoxaparin Sodium? Protamine sulfate
What is Erythromycin used to treat? Antibiotic, used to treat bacterial infections
What is the mechanism of Enoxaparin Sodium? Binds to antithrombin to inactivate clotting factor X
What is the mechanism of Erythromycin? Inhibits bacterial protein synthesis
What is Vancomycin used to treat? Antibiotic, used to treat bacterial infections
What is the mechanism of Vancomycin? Inhibits second stage of cell wall synthesis
Acetylsalicylic Acid structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Acetylsalicylic acid? Aspirin
What is Acetylsalicylic acid used to treat? Mild to moderate pain & inflammation; fever
What is the mechanism of Acetylsalicylic acid? Inhibits cylooxygenase from producing Prostaglandin
Ibuprofen structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Ibuprofen? Advil, Motrin
What is Ibuprofen used to treat? Mild to moderate pain & inflammation; fever
What is the mechanism of Ibuprofen? Inhibits cyclooxygenase from producing Prostaglandin
Phytomenadione (Vitamin K) structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Phytomenadione used to treat? Clotting agent, high risk of bleeding
What is the mechanism of Phytomenadione? Promotes formation of clotting factors II, IV, VII, and X
Doxycycline structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Doxycycline used to treat? Antibiotic, used to treat bacterial infections
What is the mechanism of Doxycycline? Inhibits peptidyl transferase, preventing bacterial protein synthesis
Folic Acid structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Folic Acid used to treat? Folic acid deficiency, which leads to low production of RBCs and anemia
What is the mechanism of Folic Acid? Synthesizes into dyhydrofolic acid (DHF) which then synthesizes into thymidine 5'-monophosphate (TMP). TMP necessary to create DNA for cell division, allowing RBC production
Morphine structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Morphine used to treat? Severe pain
What is the mechanism of Morphine? Bind to opioid receptors suppressing nerve pathways that cause pain
Warfarin structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Warfarin? Coumadin
What is Warfarin used to treat? Blood clots in veins/arteries to reduce risk of stroke and heart attack
What is the mechanism of Warfarin? Inhibits synthesis of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors (II, IV, VII, and X)
What is the antidote compound of Warfarin? Vitamin K
Codein structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Codeine used to treat? Pain; cough
What is the mechanism of Codeine? Binds to opioid receptors
Hydroxycarbamide structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Hydroxycarbamide? Hydroxyurea
What is Hydroxycarbamide used to treat? Sickle cell, leukemia, cervical cancer
What is the mechanism of Hydroxycarbamide? Acts as ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor, blocking DNA synthesis of pathogenic cells
Paracetamol structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Paracetamol? Tylenol
What is Paracetamol used to treat? Mild to moderate pain and inflammation; fever
What is the mechanism of Paracetamol? Inhibits cyclooxygenase from producing Prostaglandin
Cephalexin structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Cephalexin used to treat? Antibiotic, used to treat bacterial infections
What is the mechanism of Cephalexin? Inhibits transpeptidase, preventing cell wall synthesis
Ampicillin structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Ampicillin used to treat? Antibiotic, used to treat bacterial infections
What is the mechanism of Ampicillin? Inhibits transpeptidase, blocking third (final) stage of cell wall synthesis
Chloramphenicol structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Chloramphenicol used to treat? Antibiotic, used to treat bacterial infections
What is the mechanism of Chloramphenicol? Inhibits peptidyl transferase, preventing bacterial protein synthesis
What is the trade name of Miconazole? Monistat
What is Miconazole used to treat? Vaginal yeast infections
What is the mechanism of Miconazole? Inhibits conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol, which leads to permeability in fungal cell membrane
Miconazole structure CHECK FLASHCARD
Digoxin structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Digoxin? Lanoxin
What is Digoxin used to treat? a-fib, a-flutter, heart failure
What is the mechanism of Digoxin? Inhibits sodium-potassium ATPase
Epinephrine structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Epinephrine? Adrenaline, EpiPen
What is Epinephrine used to treat? Anaphylaxis
What is the mechanism of Epinephrine? Binds to alpha and beta receptors causing vasoconstriction of blood vessels therefore increasing BP
Hydralazine structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Hydralazine? Apresoline
What is Hydralazine used to treat? Hypertension
What is the mechanism of Hydralazine? Relaxes vascular smooth muscle, dilating peripheral veins and arteries
Lidocaine structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Lidocaine? Xylocaine
What is Lidocaine used to treat? Acute treatment of ventricular arrhythmias
What is the mechanism of Lidocaine? Blocks voltage-gated sodium channels to prevent action potential from firing
Omeprazole structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Omeprazole? Prilosec
What is Omeprazole used to treat? GERD
What is the mechanism of Omeprazole? Inhibits H/K-ATPase system, suppressing stomach acid secretion
Senna glycoside structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Senna Glycoside? Ex-lax
What is Senna Glycoside used to treat? Constipation
What is the mechanism of Senna Glycoside? Irritates colonic wall to induce secretion
Atorvastatin structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Atorvastatin? Lipitor
What is Atorvastatin used to treat? High cholesterol
What is the mechanism of Atorvastatin? Inhibits the enzyme that produces cholesterol
Mupirocin structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Mupirocin used to treat? Bacterial infections of the skin
What is the mechanism of Mupirocin? Inhibits isoleucyl-transfer RNA, inhibiting bacterial protein and RNA synthesis
Potassium Permanganate structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Potassium Permanganate used to treat? Infections
Hydrocortisone structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Hydrocortisone? Cortef
What is Hydrocortisone used to treat? Inflammation of the skin
What is the mechanism of Hydrocortisone? Inhibits production of histamine
Benzoyl Peroxide structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Benzoyl Peroxide used to treat? Acne
Fluorouracil structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Fluorouracil? Adrucil
What is Fluorouracil used to treat? superficial basal cell carcinoma
Terbinafine structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Terbinafine? Lamisil
What is Terbinafine used to treat? Fungal infections
What is the mechanism of Terbinafine? Ergosterol inhibitor, damaging fungal cell walls
Sodium Nitroprusside structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Sodium Nitroprusside? Nitropress
What is Sodium Nitroprusside used to treat? Blood pressure (immediate) in hypertensive crises
What is the mechanism of Sodium Nitroprusside? Relaxes vascular smooth muscle, dilating veins and arteries
Metoclopramide structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Metoclopramide? Reglan
What is Metoclopramide used to treat? Nausea, vomiting, heartburn, loss of appetite
Sulfasalazine structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Sulfasalazine used to treat? Ulcerative colitis
What is the trade name of Sulfasalazine? Azulfidine
Methotrexate structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Methotrexate? Trexall, Rasuro
What is Methotrexate used to treat? Cancer of the breast, skin, head, neck, lung; severe psoriasis; rheumatoid arthritis
What enzyme does Methotrexate inhibit and why? Dihydrofolate reductase, which is involved in the building of DNA, thereby preventing cell production
Enalapril structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Enalapril Vasotec
What is Enalapril used to treat? Hypertension
What enzyme does Enalapril inhibit and why? Angiotensin converting enzyme, which produces a vasoconstrictor (vasoconstrictors increase BP)
Sildenafil structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is the trade name of Sildenafil? Viagra
What is Sildenafil used to treat? Erectile dysfunction
What enzyme does sildenafil inhibit and why? Phophodiesterase-5, which relaxes the arteries that supply blood to the penis, thereby having the opposite effect
Neostigmine structure CHECK FLASHCARD
What is Neostigmine used to treat? Myasthenia gravis (muscular weakness)
What is the trade name of Neostigmine? Prostigmine
What enzyme does neostigmine inhibit and why? Choinesterase, which breaks down acetylcholine; a buildup of acetylcholine stimulates muscles and nerves