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# 5th Grade EDM U 9/11

### Coordinates, Area, Volume, and Capacity

TermDefinition
area the amount of surface inside a 2-dimensional figure with closed boundaries
axes two intersecting number lines used to form a coordinate grid
base of a rectangle the length of a side of a rectangle
base of a prism or cylinder either of the two parallel and congruent rectangular faces that define the shape
capacity the amount of space occupied by a 3-dimensional figure, same as volume
volume the amount of space occupied by a 3-dimensional figure, same as capacity
coordinate one of the numbers in an ordered pair that located a point on a coordinate grid
coordinate grid the grid formed by two number lines intersecting at right angles, used to find points on a plane with ordered number pairs
cubic centimeter a metric unit of volume or capacity equal to the volume of a cube with 1-centimeter edges
cubic unit any cube used to measure volume
cup A U.S. customary unit of volume or capacity, equal to 8 fluid ounces of 1/2 pint
face a 2-dimensional surface on a 3-dimensional shape
formula a general rule for finding the value of something
height perpendicular distance from base to top
latitude a degree measure locating a place on Earth north or south of the equator; lines that run east and west around the globe
longitude a degree measure locating a place on Earth east or west of the prime meridian; lines that run north and south around the globe
ordered number pair two numbers, or coordinates, used to locate a point on a coordinate grid
liter a metric unit of volume or capacity equal to the volume of a cube with 10-centimeter long edges
origin zero on a number line or coordinate grid
perpendicular two lines or planes that intersect at right angles
prism a 3-dimensional figure with two parallel and congruent bases that give the prism its name, along with lateral rectangular faces
quart a U.S. customary unit of volume or capacity equal to 32 fluid ounces, 2 points, or 4 cups
rectangle method a strategy for finding the area of a polygon in which one or more rectangles are drawn around all of parts of the polygon through its vertices
reflection a transformation in which the image of a figure is a mirror image of the figure over a line of reflection (flip)
translation a transformation in which every point in the image of a figure is at the same distance in the same direction from its corresponding point in the figure (slide)
square unit a unit to measure area
variable a letter or other symbol that represents a number
apex the vertex opposite of the base; in a pyramid or a cone
base of a pyramid or cone the face that is opposite the apex
calibrate to divide or mark a measuring tool with units to measure
cone a 3-dimensional figure with a circular base and an apex
cylinder a 3-dimensional figure with two congruent, parallel circular bases and a curved face
edge a line segment or curve where two surfaces of a geometric solid meet
geometric solid the surface(s) that make up a 3-dimensional figure; does not include the interior
polyhedron any 3-dimensional solid that is formed by a polygon
pyramid a 3-dimensional figure made up of any polygonal region for a base and an apex
sphere the shell of a 3-dimensional figure created by a set of points that are an equal distance from a fixed point called the center
surface the top or outside of something
surface area the area of the surface of a 3-dimensional figure; the sum of the area of all faces
vertex the point where rays or line segments meet
Created by: SarahMueller