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Mexico's history

Know these names and terms from our video series about Mexico's history.

TermDefinition
Hacendados Wealthy Mexican landowners
Padre Miguel Hidalgo Began the movement for Mexican Independence in 1810
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna President of Mexico during the Mexican American War
Benito Juarez Mexico's first Indian president, 1858- 1872
Manifest Destiny The American idea that it was our right and destiny to expand westward to the Pacific
Napoleon III The French leader who invaded Mexico in 1862
Maximilian Austrian relative of Napoleon III who was installed as Mexico's emperor in 1864
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Ended the Mexican American War on February 2, 1848, gave the U.S. approximately 1/2 of Mexico
Porfirio Diaz Mexico's president/dictator from 1876- 1911, known for modernizing Mexico and oppressing the poor
Rurales Porfirio Diaz' police force
Francisco Madero Ran against Porfirio Diaz in the 1910 elections, then called for a revolution to fight for "Land and Liberty"
Tierra y Libertad The "lema" of Francisco Madero
Pancho Villa A leader of the Mexican Revolution from the north, an outlaw whose real name was Doroteo Arango
Emiliano Zapata A leader of the Mexican Revolution from the south who fought for land reform
PRI Mexico's main political party
1810 Father Hidalgo started the movement for independence from Spain
1910 Francisco Madero ran against Porfirio Diaz for president. The election was a fraud.
Agustin de Iturbide Mexico's first emperor after winning its independence
criollo someone born in Mexico to Spanish parents
mestizo someone with mixed Spanish and Indian parents or ancestors
peninsular someone born in Spain to Spanish parents
el Grito de Dolores Father Hidalgo's "lema"
Porfiriato The time that Diaz was president is referred to as this.
Tenochtitlan The city built by the Aztecs, now Mexico City
Huizlilipochtitli The Aztec god of the sun and war
1519 The year Hernan Cortes invaded Mexico
Tlaxcala tribe Indians who helped to conquer the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan
Constitution of 1917 created a government with three branches, similar to that of the US
Soldadera a female soldier of the Revolution of 1910
Victoriano Huerta The leader of the palace guards who had Francisco Madero and his VP shot, then took over as president of Mexico
General Scott American general who invaded Mexico City
5 de mayo the date when the French were defeated at Puebla in 1862
James Polk The American president during the Mexican American war, famous for his support of the idea of Manifest Destiny
Remember the Alamo An American grito meant to gain support for the annexation and Independence of Texas
20 de noviembre The date recognized as the beginning of the Revolucion of 1910
Created by: eppenauera