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Mexico's history

Know these names and terms from our video series about Mexico's history.

TermDefinition
Hacendados Wealthy Mexican landowners
Padre Miguel Hidalgo Began the movement for Mexican Independence in 1810
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna President of Mexico during the Mexican American War
Benito Juarez Mexico's first Indian president, 1858- 1872
Manifest Destiny The American idea that it was our right and destiny to expand westward to the Pacific
Napoleon III The French leader who invaded Mexico in 1862
Maximilian Austrian relative of Napoleon III who was installed as Mexico's emperor in 1864
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Ended the Mexican American War on February 2, 1848, gave the U.S. approximately 1/2 of Mexico
Porfirio Diaz Mexico's president/dictator from 1876- 1911, known for modernizing Mexico and oppressing the poor
Rurales Porfirio Diaz' police force
Francisco Madero Ran against Porfirio Diaz in the 1910 elections, then called for a revolution to fight for "Land and Liberty"
Tierra y Libertad The "lema" of Francisco Madero
Pancho Villa A leader of the Mexican Revolution from the north, an outlaw whose real name was Doroteo Arango
Emiliano Zapata A leader of the Mexican Revolution from the south who fought for land reform
PRI Mexico's main political party
1810 Father Hidalgo started the movement for independence from Spain
1910 Francisco Madero ran against Porfirio Diaz for president. The election was a fraud.
Agustin de Iturbide Mexico's first emperor after winning its independence
criollo someone born in Mexico to Spanish parents
mestizo someone with mixed Spanish and Indian parents or ancestors
peninsular someone born in Spain to Spanish parents
el Grito de Dolores Father Hidalgo's "lema"
Porfiriato The time that Diaz was president is referred to as this.
Created by: eppenauera