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Medical terminology

spanish- English

TermDefinition
marital status estado civil
physician médico
sexual dysfunction disfunción sexual, impotencia
counseling terapia, asesoramiento
behavior comportamiento , conducta
substance abuse abuso de drogas, abuso de sustancias
abortion aborto
abscess--pus filled spots on skin absceso, forúnculo-- granos llenos de pus
hepatitis--inflammation of the liver hepatitis--inflamación del highado
kidney dialysis- when your kidney's fail, dialysis cleans out salt water and waste so they don't stay in the body diálisis renal
miscarriage aborto natural, mal parto, caido
orthopedic disorder desorden ortopedico
venereal Disease enfermedad de transmisión sexual
relationship parentesco
pill pastilla, píldora, cápsula
clockwise en la dirección de las manos del reloj
shortness of breath falta de aire
severe abdominal pain dolor abdominal severo
chest pain dolor en el pecho
headache jaqueca, dolor de cabeza
dizziness mareo, vahído
weakness debilidad
numbness entumecido, adormecido, insensible
leg pain dolor de pierna, dolor de pata
side effects efectos segundarios
abasia abasia, movimiento incierto
cavity cavidad
fistula-an abnormal connection between organs fístula- una conneccion abnormal entre organos.
abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen by a needle to withdraw fluid; abdominocentesis- punción abdominal quirurgica para quitar liquidos
abdominoplasty- repairing the abdominal wall abdominoplastia- reparación de la pared abdominal
abducent abductor- se mueve hacia afuera
abduction abducción, separación
aberrant aberrante-desviado del curso normal anormal
aberration aberración
abetalipoproteinemia abetalipoproteinenia-condición hereditaria rara que se caracteriza por la incapacidad del intestino de absorber los componentes grasosos de los alimentos y las vitaminas liposolubles
ablatio ablación-separación, desprendimiento
abnormal anormal, anómalo, deforme, irregular
abortifaciente abortivo, estumulante para inducir un aborto
abrasive irritante, raspante
abrupt abrupto, precipitado
Do you have sores or blisters? ¿Tiene algunas llagas o ampollas?
Do you have a mole that is red or itchy? ¿Tiene algún lunar enrojecido o que le pica?
Do you have a skin rash? ¿Tiene alguna erupción o sarpullido en la piel?
Have you noticed any unusual spots in your skin? ¿Ha notado alguna mancha peculiar o rara en la piel?
Have you had any severe burns? ¿Ha tenido alguna vez una quemadura grave?
Does anything make you itchy? ¿hay algo que le da picazón
Is your skin very sensitive to the sun's rays? ¿Es su piel muy sensible a los rayos del sol?
Have you noticed any discoloration on your skin? ¿Ha notado una descoloración en la piel?
vaginal discharge flujo vaginal, liquido a cualquier cosa que no es orine
amebic dysentery disentería amebiana
cancer cáncer
chronic laryngitis laringitis crónica
chronic tonsilitis amigadalitis crónica
cirrhosis cirrosis
conjunctivitis conjuntivitis
cystitis cistitis
diphteria difteria
emphysema enfisema
epilepsy epilepsia
gallbladder attack ataque vesicular
gallstones cálculos o piedras en la vesícula
goiter - refers to the abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. can occur in a gland that is producing too much hormone (hyperthyroidism), too little hormone (hypothyroidism), or the correct amount of hormone (euthyroidism) bocio
hay fever fiebre del heno
hepatitis hepatitis
jaundice ictericia
measles, german measles, rubella sarampión, sarampión alemán, rubéola
mononucleosis mononucleosis
mumps paperas
scarlet fever fiebre escarlatina
syphilis sífilis enfermedad venérea contagiosa que se manifiesta en lesiones cutáneas, transmitida sexualmente por contacto directo
cutáneo/a cutaneous to the skin
tingling or prickling sensation tickling cosquilleo
abscess absceso, acumulación de pus gen. debido a una desintegración del tejido
acanthoma acanoma- tumor benigno de la piel
polyp pólipo, cualquier protuberancia o bulto que se desarrolla de una membrana mucosa
sinus sinus, seno, cavidad de abertura estrecha
Sinus infection infección de los sinus-seno-cavidad
calf pantorilla
eye ojo
hand mano
left kidney riñon izquierdo
right upper quadrant cuadrante superior derecho
right lower quadrant cuadrante inferior derecho
nephrology nefrología, estudio del riñón y de las enfermedades que lo afectan
nephroma nefroma, tumor del riñón
pterygium Pterigión es un bulto elevado en el globulo ocular que comienza en el blanco del ojo y puede invadir la córnea
CAT scan is best suited for viewing bone injuries, diagnosing lung and chest problems, and detecting cancers. usally in ER because they are faster 5 min. Tomografía axial computarizada
symptom pattern rasgo de sintomas
yellowish amarillento
albuterol albuterol
aphonic afónico
sting, bite picada, picadura
verrugas warts
nasal congestion congestión nasal es el fruto de la inflamación de la membrana interiror y obstruye las vias respiratorias
astigmatism astigmastismo- a defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature, which results in distorted images, as light rays are prevented from meeting at a common focus.
retinal disorder- problems withe the nerve layer at the back of the eye desorden retiniano
conjunctivitis conjuntivitis- also known as pinkeye
cataracts -clouded lens, things floating in the eye cataratas
glaucoma glaucoma- With all types of glaucoma, the nerve connecting the eye to the brain is damaged, usually due to high eye pressure. Treatment includes eye drops, medications, and surgery.
Ataxia describes a lack of muscle control or coordination of voluntary movements, such as walking or picking up objects. difficulties with speech, eye movement and swallowing. ataxia
atrophy- (of body tissue or an organ) waste away, typically due to the degeneration of cells, or become vestigial during evolution. atrofia
backbone, spine columna vertebral
barbiturates Los Barbitúricos eran prescritos regularmente para tratar insomnio, depresión y ansiedad, pero la pequeña diferencia entre una dosis normal y una sobredosis llevadas a varias muertes accidentales, así como la gente que las usaba para comprometer suicidio.
blister ampolla, burbuja
blocked artery arteria bloquiada
bone fracture fractura de hueso
bone marrow- a soft fatty substance in the cavities of bones, in which blood cells are produced médula ósea
inner ear oido
outer ear oreja
from time to time de ves en cuando
por lo menos at least
bullying intimidación
hopelessness, despair desesperanza, desesperación
helpless impotencia
battery-operated portable device that measures and records your heart's activity (ECG) continuously for 24 to 48 hours or longer
uterus , womb útero, matriz
fundus the upper part of the stomach, which forms a bulge higher than the opening of the esophagus (farthest from the pylorus). fondo
perimetrium - is the outer serosa layer of the uterus, equivalent to peritoneum. It is embrionically derived from visceral peritoneum. perimetrio-
endometrium - is the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the uterus (womb) endometrio
myometrium-the smooth muscle tissue of the uterus. miometrio
vulva- external genitals vulva
clitoris clítoris
cervix cuello uterino cévix
fallopian tubes- (in a female mammal) either of a pair of tubes along which eggs travel from the ovaries to the uterus. trompa de falopio
hymen- a membrane that partially closes the opening of the vagina and whose presence is traditionally taken to be a mark of virginity. himen
tonsils amigdalas
groin la ingle
clavicle la clavicula
forearm antebrazo
muslo thigh
shin espinilla
the sole of the foot planta del pie
spine espinazo
chicken pox varicela
gallstones calculos en la vesicula
leukemia- a malignant progressive disease in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal leukocytes. leucemia
The urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder through two thin tubes of muscle called ureters, one on each side of the bladder. The bladder stores urine. The muscles of the bladder wall remain relaxed while the bladder fills with urine. La orina fluye desde los riños hasta la vejiga atraves de dos tubos de musculos llamado uréter y estan en cada lado de la vejiga. La vejiga guarda orina. Los musculos de el muro de la vejiga estan relajados hasta que se llena de orina.
West Nile virus- transmitted by mosquito, people infected either don't develop signs or symptoms; have minor ones, fever and mild headache or includes inflammation of the spinal cord or brain. virus del nilo occidental
multiple sclerosis - A disorder of the central nervous system marked by weakness, numbness, a loss of muscle coordination, and problems with vision, speech, and bladder control. An autoimmune disease, where body's immune system destroys myelin. esclerosis multiple
muscular dystrophy- group of diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. abnormal genes (mutations) interfere with the production of proteins needed to form healthy muscle. distrofia muscular
cerebral palsy - neurological disorder caused by a non-progressive brain injury or malformation that occurs while the child’s brain is under development. affects body movement and muscle coordination paralisis cerebral
cystic fibrosis - genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and limits the ability to breathe over time. fibrosis cistica
vertigo- occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) clump up in canals of the inner ear. The inner ear sends signals to the brain about head and body movements relative to gravity. It helps you keep your balance. vertigo
liver- produces proteins that are important in blood clotting. It is also one of the organs that break down old or damaged blood cells. higado
vitamins that are water soluble Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)-
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)
Vitamin H (Biotin) -
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Vitamin B9 (Folic acid)- Folate is the naturally occurring form found in foods. Folic acid is the synthetic form used in commercially available supplements and fortified foods. ASSOCIATED WITH SOME CANCERS IF DEFICIENCY
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)-
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)-
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)-
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
fat soluble vitamins Vitamin A (Retinoids) -Carotenoids that can be converted by the body into retinol are referred to as provitamin A carotenoids.
Vitamin D (Calciferol, 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D) -sun vitamin -mushrooms, salmon, mackerel, sardines, tuna, eggs
Vitamin E (tocopherol)- Green leafy vegetables, almonds, sunflower seeds, olives, blueberries, most nuts, most seeds, tomatoes, avocado
Vitamin K -Broccoli, green leafy vegetables, parsley, watercress, asparagus, Brussels sprouts, green beans, green peas, carrots
5 macrominerals Calcium, Calcio
Phosphorus, fósforo
Potassium, potasio
Magnesium, magnesio
Salt (sodium chloride), sodio cloruro
9 MICROMINERALS iron, hierro
zinc, cinc
copper, cobre
chromium, cromo
fluoride, flururo
iodine, yodo, iodo
selenium, selenio
manganese, manganeso
molybdenum, molibdeno
cushing syndrome occurs when your body is exposed to high levels of the hormone cortisol for a long time.
Hormones hormonas
Serotonin
Thyroxin
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Dopamine
Antimullerian Hormone
Adiponectin
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Angiotensinogen
Antidiuretic Hormone
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
Calcitonin
Cholecystokinin
Melatonin
Corticotrophin-Releasing Hormone
Erythropoietin
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
Gastrin
Ghrelin
Glucagon
Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
Growth Hormone
Insulin
Insulin-Like Growth Factor
Leptin –
Luteinizing Hormone
Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone
Orexin
Parathyroid Hormone
Prolactin
Secretin
Aldosterone
Testosterone
Androstenedione
Estradiol
Progesterone
Lipotropin
Brain natriuretic peptide
Histamine
Endothelin
Enkephalin
MRI is suited for examining soft tissue in ligament and tendon injuries, spinal cord injuries, brain tumors, etc. 30 min. Imagen de resonancia magnetica
emphysema characterized by air-filled expansion of body tissue. condition of the lung marked by ebnormaol enlargemnet of the alveoli with a loss of pulmonary elasticity, shortness of breath impariment of heart action enfesima
heart attack paro cardiaco
stroke derrame cerebral, infarto
embolism embolia
ablation ablacion
Created by: Isabelaaa