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MMS Energy

Energy Unit Terms

QuestionAnswer
Energy The ability to do work or make objects/molecules move
Kinetic Energy Energy that is moving (even if you can't see it, like electricity moving in a wire)
Potential Energy Stored energy (like holding a book above a table)
Heat Called Thermal Energy, a type of kinetic energy, measured using a thermometer
temperature data collected in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit. Temperature shows how much thermal energy is in an object
Gravitational Potential Energy Energy of position. GPE increases with height (higher from ground = more GPE) and mass (more mass = more GPE). Example: A roller coaster at the top of a hill
Transformed Energy changing into another type. Example: Dropping a basketball on the ground changes Gravitational potential energy into kinetic energy of motion
Transferred Moving energy from one place to another. Example: Your mom giving you an apple. She is moving chemical energy from her hand to yours.
Law of Conservation of Energy The law that states that energy can not be made or disappear but is just moved around
nonrenewable resource Energy from sources like fossil fuels (gas, oil, natural gas, coal) that once used cannot be replaced
renewable resource Energy from sources like the sun, wind, hydro electric, tidal, etc. that are not used up
turbine this is a big wheel that is turned in a power plant to make electricity
generator this is a motor that is attached to a turbine in a power plant that makes electricity
efficiency how much energy can be converted into a useful form
Created by: cvanwyk