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Federal Reserve Bank

Federal Reserve Bank Key Terms

BOND A promise to repay the full amount of a debt plus periodic interest that is sold to investors by institutions. The U.S. government sells savings bonds with guaranteed repayment of value plus interest.
CENTRAL BANK A country's main bank run by the government, responsible for issuing money and regulating monetary policy. Ex; Federal Reserve Bank
FACE VALUE The monetary value printed on the front of a bond.
FEDERAL RESERVE The central bank of the United States; a bank that the U.S. government uses for loans and other banking needs.
FIAT MONEY Money with no intrinsic value; it is not backed by anything of intrinsic value (such as a brick of gold).
INTEREST RATE The percentage paid, or charged, for borrowed money.
MONETARY POLICY The government's policy for regulating money supply and credit in the economy.
MONEY SUPPLY The total amount of money in circulation: all bills, coins, credit, and loans that are held by the public and banks.
OPEN MARKET REGULATION The purchase and sale of U.S. Treasury and other federal agency securities.
RESERVE RATE The amount of funds that a bank must hold in reserve. The rate is given as a percentage of the total deposits.
SECURITIES A generic term for a wide array of investment items. Ex; Stocks & Bonds
TREASURY BOND A long-term, high-interest investment issued by the U.S. government.
Created by: homerun2732