Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Advanced Higher

Unit 1 - Lab techniques

QuestionAnswer
Describe how to carry out a serial dilution 1ml of stock solution with 9ml of water. Then 1ml of diluted solution with 9ml of water and so on.
What substance controls pH buffers
Describe two techniques that can be used to quantify the concentration of an unknown solution Colorimetry and Titration
What is a standard curve Measuring the absorbance of known concentrations in a colorimeter to extrapolate unknown from a graph
Which property allows substances to be separated in centrifugation density
What name is given to the substance at the bottom and top during centrifugation bottom - pellet top - supernatant
small substances are found where after centrifugation in the supernatant
What techniques separate proteins based on pH Iso electric focussing
What is meant by the iso electric point When proteins have an OVERALL neutral charge and precipitates out of solution
What are the two types of gel electrophoresis by which proteins can be separated Denaturing and native/non denaturing
Explain the process of denaturing gel electrophoresis All proteins are denatured to give a negative charge and move to positive end dependent on size
Explain the process of non denaturing gel electrophoresis Proteins remain in original conformation (no denaturing) and migrate through gel dependent on SIZE & CHARGE
What type of gel electrophoresis depends only on size Denaturing (as all proteins are artificially made negative)
What type of gel electrophoresis depends on size and charge Native/non denaturing (protein charge not affected)
Name a factor affecting protein migration apart from size or charge size of pores in buffer
What are the types of microscopy 1. bright field 2. Fluorescence
Which type of microscopy allows tiny structures such as individual proteins within the cell to be viewed fluorescence
Which type of microscopy is more limited in its resolution bright field
Which type of microscopy is more simple to use bright field
Which type of microscopy involves antibodies to tag objects fluorescence
Name an object that can be viewed under a bright field microscope whole organisms, parts of organism or thin tissues
What does a haemocytometer estimate total cell count
What technique is able to distinguish between dead cells and viable cells Vital Staining with trypan blue
Explain why only dead cells stain with trypan blue Trypan blue toxic so actively pumped out by living (viable) cells
Explain how to estimate total cell count in a haemocytometer Ensure all units are in CM. L x B X Depth = volume Count cells that fit in grid Proportion calculation to scale up for chosen volume which is always larger than volume calculated
What term is given to cells that can only divide a limited number of times (hayflick) limit primary cell lines
What term is given to cells that can divide infinitely cancer cells
Why are growth regulators/hormones used in plant tissue To enable explant to divide into callus AND to enable callus to differentiate into plantlet
Why do mammalian cells need foetal bovine serum For cell proliferation
Why do mammalian cells need antibiotics to kill bacteria which grow more readily than mammalian cells
What type of organisms are produced from inoculum microbes
What type of organisms are produced from explants plants
Name a plant hormone/growth regulator auxin or cytokinins
What two cells fuse to make a hybridomas B lymphocyte with a myeloma cell
How are specific monoclonal antibodies produced in a lab injecting mouse with specific antigen that produces antibodies. Removing spleen and extract B lymphocytes & fusing with myeloma cell to form hybridomas
What substance are the hybridomas placed in and subsequently diluted to ensure one cell per well polyethylene glycol (PEG).
Created by: StNiniansHS