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Poetry Terms

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QuestionAnswer
voice in the poem, often that of a fictional character or object speaker
the words a poet chooses and the way he or she arranges the words to express a thought diction
statement that seems to contradict itself but is true nevertheless paradox
poet reverses standard english word order poetic inversion
suggestive meanings and associations that go beyond their strict dictionary definitions connotation
explicit meanings you find listed in a dictionary denotations
poet uses words that put our senses to work imagery
words with contradictory meanings are combined together oxymoron
a part of something is used to refer to or imply a whole synedoche
use of language to describe one thing in terms of something else figurative language
comparison using like or as simile
inanimate thing is given human qualities personification
object, person, action, or event that stands for itself and for something more than itself as well symbol
omits word of comparison and directly identifies the two unlike things metaphor
metaphors that have been in speech so long they have lost their force dead metaphor
metaphor that extends throughout many lines of a poem extended metaphor
reference to a person, place, event, or literary work allusion
attitude poets take toward their subject matter or audience tone
repetition of accented vowel sounds rhyme
rhymes at the end of a line end rhyme
rhymes which occur within a line internal rhyme
sounds of accented vowels correspond exactly exact rhyme
repition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words alliteration
repetition of vowel sounds in words assonance
use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning onomatopoeia
recurring use of a phrase, line, or stanza refrain
pairs of rhyming lines couplets
rhymes arranged in a certain pattern rhyme scheme
lilt and a kick in a poem like waves rhythm
when rhythm follows a cerain pattern meter
verse not controlled by any definite meterical pattern free verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter blank verse
poem that tells a story narrative poetry
lofty poems concerned with heroes and heroines who are larger-than-life, told in dignified language epic
relatively short poem orginally meant for singing ballad
poems passed along by word of mouth by common people fold ballad
try to imitate folk ballads but are more elaborate literary ballad
presents one or more characters speaking, usually to each other, but sometimes to themselves or the reader dramatic poem
one character speaks to one or more other characters, whose replies are not given in the poem dramatic monologue
poem that expresses personal thoughts or emotions lyric poetry
figure of speech that uses exaggeration for special effect hyperbole
poem of mourning for a person who has died elegy
Created by: platypusguy