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Static Electricity

Terms for Static Electricity

QuestionAnswer
ELECTRONS carry a negative charge
STATIC ELECTRICITY not moving buildup of charges on an object
ATOM smallest particle of matter
MATTER anything that takes up space and has mass
PROTONS has a positive charge
CHARGING BY FRICTION when an object gains or loses electrons due to rubbing
NEUTRON carries a neutral charge
PITH BALL instrument used to detect an electric charge
STATIC DISCHARGE loss of static electricity as electrons move off an object
WHICH SUBATOMIC PARTICLES IN THE ATOM CANNOT LEAVE THE ATOM? protons and neutrons
IF THE OBJECT HAS A + CHARGE THEN... the object has more protons than electrons
CONSERVATION OF CHARGE The law that states that charges are not created or destroyed, they are transferred
Like charges do this to each other repel
Opposite charges to this to each other attract
IS THERE A FORCE OF ATTRACTION BETWEEN PROTONS AND ELECTRONS? yes
What part of an atom is allowed to move when making static electricity? electrons
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN A NEGATIVELY CHARGED BALLOON IS BROUGHT NEAR STYROFOAM? styrofoam pieces will be attracted
CONDUCTION the movement of electrons to other objects by touching
If the object has a - charge then... the object has more electrons than protons
a charged thing always does this to a neutral thing attract
Created by: mrohrling