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unit 6 vocabulary


acid proton donors that yield hydronium ions water solution
base proton acceptors identified by release of hydroxide ions
boiling point elevation the difference between the boiling points of the pure solvent and a non electrolyte solution of that solvent and is directly proportional to the molal concentration of the solution
buffer solution that are used as a means of keeping pH at a nearly constant value in a wide variety o chemical applications
collagative properties depend on the concentration of solute particle but not on their identity
concentration the amount of solute in a given amount of solvent in a solution
dissociation the seperation of ions that occur when an icocnic compound dissolves
electrolyte a substance that dissolves in water to give the solution the ability to conduct electricity
end point the point in a titration at whcih no more titrant should be added. it is determined for example by a color change in an indicator or by the appearannce of a precipitate
freezing point depression the difference between the freezing points of the pure solvent and a solution of a non electrolyte in that solvent and is directly proportional to the molal concentration of the solution
H3O+ hydronium
Kb molal boiling point constant
Kf molal freezing point constant
molality the concentration of a solution expressed in moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
molarity number of moles of solute in one liter of solvent
neutralization a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react to form a salt
pH hydrogen ion concentration
pOH hydroxide ion concentration
solubility the capability to dissolve
titration method used ton determine the concentration of a substance in a solution
Created by: jessica.opall99