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# Place Value Grade 5

### Place Value

Term | Definition |
---|---|

digit | Symbols used to show numbers: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, |

place | Where a digit sits. This place gives the number its value. |

value | The number a digit represents, which is determined by the place of the digit. (worth) |

standard form | A common way of writing a number with commas separating groups of three digits (period) starting from the right. Example: 3,458 |

expanded form | A way to write a number that shows the place value of each digit. Example: 3,000 + 500 + 60 + 2 |

word form | A way to write a number using words. |

decimal | Part of a whole number written to the right of the ones place and a decimal point. |

equivalent decimals | Decimals that name the same amount. Example: 0.7 = 0.70 |

addends | Numbers to be added. |

sum | The answer to an addition problem. |

difference | The answer to a subtraction problem. |

minuend | The number from which another is to be subtracted. (the "start with" number) |

subtrahend | The number to be subtracted. |

Commutative Property of Addition | The order of addends can be changed and the sum remains the same. Example: 3+7 = 7+3 |

Associative Property of Addition | Addends can be regrouped and the sum remains the same. Example: 1 + (3+5) = (1+3) + 5 |

compatible numbers | Numbers that are easy to compute with mentally. |

compensation | Adjusting one number of an operation to make computations easier and balancing the adjustment by changing the other number. Example: 6 + 9 can be adjusted to 5 + 10 |

rounding | A process that determines which multiple of 10, 100, 1,00 etc., a number is closest to. |

period | A group of 3 digits in a number. |

factor | Numbers to be multiplied |

product | The answer to a multiplication problem |

base | The number to be repeatedly multiplied |

exponent | The number that tells you how many times to multiply the base number |

exponent operations | Repeated multiplication 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 |

Created by:
mrszmath