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Chemical Bonds

Chapter 6 Vocabulary

Chemical bond– A force of attraction that holds atoms together in compounds; an attraction produced by the transferring or sharing of electrons
Octet Rule– A rule stating that an atom tends to gain, lose, or share electrons ntil its outer level s and p orbitals are filled with eight electrons
Covalent Bond– Two Atoms held together in an ion or molecule by their attraction for the same pair of shared electrons
Ionic Bond– The electrostatic attraction between two oppositely charged ions in a solid
Metallic Bond– A communal sharing of electrons between metal atoms
Polarity– The tendency of an object to form two localized regions of opposite character; in chemistry, polarity relates to electrical charge
Electrostatic Force– The field force exerted by electrical charges., It may be repulsive or attractive depending on the kinds of charges interacting
Lewis Structure– a two-dimensional diagram that uses element symbols and dots to show the bonds between different atoms
Polyatomic Ion– A group of atoms that maintains a constant electrical charge while existing as a unit in a wide variety of chemical reactions for example SO42
Formula Unit– The simplest ratio of elements in an ionic compound that describes its composition
Crystal Lattice An extensive three-dimensional structure of points or objects that represents the regular alternating pattern of atoms or ions.
Electron Sea Theory– A theory that offers an explanation of how metals bond; the valence electrons of atoms are said to be freely shared among all atoms. Also called free electron theory
Delocalized Electrons Electrons that can move between several different bonds
Network Covalent Substance– Atoms covalently bonded into a continuous 3D network , for example diamond
Alloy– A Mixture of the atoms of a metal with another element where the mixture has metallic properties
Created by: IcanDance