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BJU Chemistry Ch 1

Bob Jones Chemistry - Chapter 1

Worldview The perspective from which one sees and interprets all of life
Image of God Bearing a likeness to God
Creation Mandate God's first commandment to mankind: to exercise good and wise dominion over the earth by managing and using His world and its resources.
Dominion science Scientific activity that seeks to obey the Creation Mandate for the glory of God and for the benefit of other humans.
Scientific model A simplified representation of phenomena
Presupposition An idea assumed true without proof, often used as a basis for understanding or proving other ideas.
Scientism Extreme faith in human reason and science as the only reliable source of truth
Bias A person's preference, whether intentional or unintentional, for certain conclusions over others
Naturalistic worldview The assumption that only matter exists and there is nothing supernatural
Christian worldview A perspective on viewing the world based on the teachings of the Christian Scriptures
Chemistry The study of the composition and properties of matter and the energy transformations accompanying changes in the fundamental structure of matter
Matter Anything that occupies space and has mass
Metallurgy The process of extracting metals from their ores and adapting them for commercial use
Apothecary An early pharmacist who prepared and sold a wide variety of chemicals and herbs
Alchemy The ancient study of transmutations between base metals and gold, sickness and health, age and youth, or even early and supernatural existence
Science The systematic study of nature based on observations and the collection of knowledge that results from that study
Applied science Exploring natural products and processes for specific applications to benefit humans
Pure science Studying nature simply to learn new things about the universe we live in
Scientific questions Questions which direct and stimulate scientific inquiry
Observations Using our senses of taste, touch, hearing, sight, and smell to learn about the natural world
Objective Unaffected by the observer's personal biases and presuppositions
Quantitative data Observations such as weight or mass that use numerical data
Qualitative data Observations such as texture or color that use non-numerical data
Deductive reasoning Arguments from general, accepted statements called premises to more specific conclusions
Inductive reasoning Arguments that begin with known facts and proceed to general conclusions
Workability The characteristic that makes information useful or valuable in applying to other situations; the most important characteristic of a scientific model
Experiment A repeatable procedure that involves observing a natural process, sometimes under controlled conditions, for the purpose of analysis
Controlled experiment An experiment where only one condition is varied at a time to isolate and measure its effect on the outcome
Empirical Describes an explanation determined or data gathered by experimentation, for example, empiriical data
Hypothesis A temporary, testable explanation of a phenomenon that stimulates and guides further scientific investigation
Natural experiment An experiment in which the conditions cannot be controlled
Scientific survey A process that involves randomly selecting representative samples from a larger population to learn about the characteristics of the population as a whole.
Theory An overarching explanation of scientific observations. Theories are valuable for guiding future study and making predictions
Law A description (often mathematical) of the behavior of matter and energy based on the results of many experiments, describes a recognizable, repeating pattern in nature
Scientific method A logical method of problem-solving that starts with observations and is based on inductive reasoning
Created by: heidio