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# Summergrad's Vocab

### Math MCAS Vocab

Term | Definition |
---|---|

acute angle | an angle measuring less than 90 degrees |

add | to join two numbers (or quantities) to get one number (called the sum or total) |

amount | quantity, number of, total, sum , size or extent |

area | the size a surface take up. measured in square units |

aritmetic | area of mathematics that includes: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers, decimals and fractions |

balance | 1.) having the same weight ( mass ) on either side. 2) a weighing device using a beam |

cents | one hundred cents makes a dollar |

centimeters (cm) | a metric unit for measuring length, equal to one hundredth of a meter |

chance | the likelihood that a particular outcome will occur |

chart | information represented in the form of graphs or tables |

compute/computation | to calculate an answer or result especially using a computer |

cost | to calculate the price or expense of something |

cube | a solid shape that has 6 square faces, all equal in size; 8 vertices (corners) and 12 equal edges |

diagrams | a drawing or a plan that explains something |

different/difference | difference between two numbers (subtraction) |

division/divide | sharing or grouping a number into equal parts. |

earned | to receive payment for work done. To work to achieve a result. |

estimate | (to make) an approximate or rough calculation, often based on rounding. |

exactly | perfectly correct and accurate |

feet | imperial units for measuring length. 1 foot = 12 inches; 3 feet = 1 yard |

figure | a written number. |

figuring | the process of understanding or solving something. |

fraction/fractional part | any part of a group, number, or whole |

graph | drawing or diagram used to record information |

greater than | more than- shows relationships between numbers. |

grid | a set of straight lines that cross each other a right angles to form a regular pattern of squares. |

hundreds | the whole number, written 100, that is equal to 10x10 |

hundredths | one part of something that has been divided into 100 parts, written 1/100 |

inches | imperial unit for measuring length. 12 inches = 1 foot |

input | information fed into a computer. |

length | distance from one end to the other. How long something is. |

likely | probably |

multply | (multiplication) a mathematical operation where a number is added to itself a number of times |

multiples | a number that is the product of a given number and a whole number |

number | describe quantities or values |

number sentence | mathematical sentence written in numerals and mathematical symbols. often used instead of the word equation in primary schools |

ordered pair | a pair of numbers where order is important, for example (4,6) is different to (6,4) . often used to indicate a point on a coordinate plane, graph, or map |

output | an amount produced; product or yield . any information produced by a computer |

parallel/parallel lines | lines that are the same distance apart |

pattern | repeated design or recurring sequence |

perimeter | distance around the outside of a shape |

pictograph | graphs that use pictures to show data; the key of the pictograph tells what one picture represents |

pounds | standard imperial unit for measuring weight -16 ounces =1 pound |

pyramid | a solid shape with a polygon as a base an triangular faces that taper to a point ( vertex ) |

rectangle | a quadrilateral with four right angles and two pairs of equal parallel sides |

represent | to stand for; be a sign or symbol of. to show in a picture; give a likeness of; portray |

right angle | an angle measuring 90 degrees |

rule | a mathematical procedure for performing an operation or solving a problem |

set of data | a collection of data |

set/sets | collection of items. members of a set are called elements |

shape | form or outline - pattern of objects |

small/smaller | ( smaller ) reduced in size |

spin/spins | to rotate or turn around, as if on an axis |

Symmetry/Line of Symmetry | an object is symmetrical when one half is a mirror image of the other half |

Table | mathematical information organized in columns and rows |

Tally/Tally Chart | using marks to record counting-count by 5s to get to the total |

Tens | the whole number,written 10,that comes after 9 and before 11 |

Total(amount,cost,number,or price) | the sum or whole amount-the result of adding |

Trapezoid | quadrilateral this one pair of parallel sides |

Triangle | polygon with three angels and three sides |

True/true statement | agreeing with facts; not false; accurate |

Unit | another name for one. place value - the units column is the ones column |

value | numerical worth or amount |

weigh/weight | the weight of an object changes according to gravity a brick would be weightless in space, even though it still has the same mass as on earth |

width | breadth - distance across from side to side |

answer | the solution to a problem |

compute | to find an answer by using mathematics; to calculate |

draw | 1.) to figure out by using your power of reason (2.) to make a picture with a pen or pencil |

explain/ tell | to make something clear so that it is easier to |

Created by:
shannonduquette