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SWP Glossary Terms

SWP Chapter 3

Categorical A criteria relating to public relief in colonial times. Under the English Poor Laws, governments categorized people in need as being either "deserving" or "undeserving" of government assistance.
Childcare The act of caring for and supervising children. Non-parental childcare is provided by someone other than an immediate family member, and can take place in a child's home, in another person's home, or in a centre.
Direct relief Government aid given to the poor in the form of cash; vouchers for basic necessities; or essential resources such as food, fuel, and clothing. See also indirect relief and public relief.
English poor laws A series of British parliamentary acts that were initiated by Elizabeth I during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; their aim was to reduce poverty and begging in England. Many principles of these laws were adopted in early Canadian settlements.
Family A group of people composed of a married couple or a common-law couple, with or without children, or of a lone parent living with at least one child
GAI A concept that suggests that all citizens have the right to a minimum income as the result of either paid work or government subsidies.
Indexed When an income security program is indexed, it does not have to have legislative approval to increase its benefits-rather, the benefits increase automatically as the cost of living rises.
Indirect relief Aid provided through government-funded work projects during the Great Depression, designed to get the unemployed back to work.
Indoor relief A type of public relief provided by colonial governments to people in need; the "relief" was in the form of room and board in institutions such as workhouses and poorhouses.
Outdoor relief A type of public relief provided by colonial governments to people in need; the "relief" was in the form of cash and other assistance, given directly to people in their own homes.
Poorhouse An institutions created in colonial times to "manage" and house the poor and homeless, and to keep them from roaming the streets. Also called "almshouse."
Principle of less eligibility A guideline established under the English Poor Laws, used during colonial times, that required public benefits to be minimal and less than the wage of the lowest-paid workers in a settlement.
Protestant work ethic A set of values that promotes thrift, hard work, self- help, and self-discipline as a means to material prosperity and personal salvation.
Public relief Government aid provided to people who are unable to support themselves through work or other means. An early term for social assistance or "welfare."
Social citizenship A concept that promotes minimum levels of health, education, and personal well-being as a right by virtue of being a citizen.
Social Movement An organized, large-scale effort to achieve identified social goals; usually involves a large segment of the population that shares a similar ideology, vision, and objectives.
Welfare Service The provision of goods and services over and above the financial assistance given to people on social assistance.
Workhouse In colonial times, an institution built with public funds in which able-bodied unemployed people were expected to learn good work habits and pay for their keep through labour. Also known as "houses of industry."
Working Poor A portion of the population that earns more than half its income from employment, and yet does not earn enough to stay out of poverty.
Created by: Lysa545