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Form 3 Chemistry

Name 3 common acids battery acid, milk, vinegar, coffee gastric juices, urine
Name 3 common bases lime, ammonia, sodium hydroxide, sea water, bleach, baking soda
Write down the single replacement reaction formula AB + C = CB + A
Write down the double replacement reaction formula AB + CD = AD + CB
Write down the synthesis/composition reaction formula A + B = AB
Write down the decomposition reaction formula AB = A + B
Characteristics of an acid - sour - corrosive - low pH
Characteristics of a base - bitter - soapy/slippery tactile - high pH
The role of an indicator? To detect the amount of pH or to recognise an acid or alkaline solution
What is the product of a precipitation reaction? Insoluble ionic solid called a precipitate
What do combustion reactions require? An oxidiser (fuel) and a flammable/combustible material
What is the product of a neutralisation reaction? Salt and Water (Na + H2O)
Definition of "exothermic" Releases heat
Definition of "endothermic" Absorbs heat
What is the range of the pH scale? 1 - 14
What pH does water have? 7 (neutral)
What reaction occurs when an acid and a base is combined? Neutralisation
What reaction occurs when cations and anions are combined? Precipitation
Created by: jokelderss