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OpenStax Chem 20

This content is available for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11760/1.9

TermDefinition
alcohol organic compound with a hydroxyl group (–OH) bonded to a carbon atom
aldehyde organic compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two hydrogen atoms or a hydrogen atom and a carbon substituent
alkane molecule consisting of only carbon and hydrogen atoms connected by single (σ) bonds
alkene molecule consisting of carbon and hydrogen containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond
alkyl group substituent, consisting of an alkane missing one hydrogen atom, attached to a larger structure
alkyne molecule consisting of carbon and hydrogen containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond
amide organic molecule that features a nitrogen atom connected to the carbon atom in a carbonyl group
amine organic molecule in which a nitrogen atom is bonded to one or more alkyl group
aromatic hydrocarbon cyclic molecule consisting of carbon and hydrogen with delocalized alternating carbon-
carbon single and double bonds, resulting in enhanced stability carbonyl group
carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom carboxylic acid
organic compound containing a carbonyl group with an attached hydroxyl group ester
organic compound containing a carbonyl group with an attached oxygen atom that is bonded to a carbon substituent
ether organic compound with an oxygen atom that is bonded to two carbon atoms
functional group part of an organic molecule that imparts a specific chemical reactivity to the molecule
ketone organic compound containing a carbonyl group with two carbon substituents attached to it
organic compound natural or synthetic compound that contains carbon
saturated hydrocarbon molecule containing carbon and hydrogen that has only single bonds between carbon atoms
skeletal structure shorthand method of drawing organic molecules. Carbon atoms are represented by the ends of lines and bends in between lines, and hydrogen atoms attached to the carbon atoms are not shown [truncated/modified see book]
substituent branch or functional group that replaces hydrogen atoms in a larger hydrocarbon chain
substitution reaction reaction in which one atom replaces another in a molecule
Created by: point4christ