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Chapter 1

matter anything that has mass and volume
property characteristic
intensive not affected by the amount of the substance
hardness the quality of being hard (int. and physical)
state whether it's a solid (s), liquid (l), or gas (g) (int. physical)
color The pigment it is (int. physical)
malleability if you can bend it; it flexibility (int. physical)
density m/v its a # but its intensive and physical
temperature it's a # but it's intensive and physical
extensive affected by the amount of the substance
volume ext and physical m/d
mass it's weight w/o gravity affecting it (ext physical)
perimeter it's surrounding (ext physical)
circumference area of a circle (ext physical)
physical properties can be observed and measured w/o changing the composition (chem formula) of matter, can be intensive or extensive
chemical properties properties that can be observed only when substances interact w/ each other; changes, all intensive
flammability does it react with fire (int, chem)
rust formation oxidation (int. chem)
rotten food int. chem.
combustible blow something up (int. chem.)
reacts with acid or base or litmus paper int. chem.
evidence that chem reaction happened new product; gas is produced, formation of a solid, heat or light is given off, change in color.
solid definite shape, definite volume, definite mass, high density, not compressible vibrate
liquid indefinite shape, definite volume, high density, not compressible, definite mass slide past one another
gas indefinite shape, indefinite volume, very low density 1000X lower than solids/liquids, compressible, definite mass moves freely
sublimation solid to gas (endothermic)
melting (fusion) solid to liquid (endothermic)
vaporization liquid to gas (endothermic)
condensation gas to liquid (exothermic)
freezing (solidification) liquid to solid (exothermic)
deposition gas to solid (exothermic)
energy increases as it goes from solid to liquid to gas
Created by: lleahb