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Hesi Grammar

Hesi grammar

TermDefinition
How many parts of speech? 8 parts of speech....... nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.
Noun A word or group of words that names a person, place, thing, or idea
Common noun A common noun is a general, not the particular, name of a person, place, or thing. (e.g., nurse, hospital, syringe)
Proper noun A proper noun is the official name of a person, place, or thing (e.g., Fred, Paris, Washington, Columbus, Danny, Racheal, University)
Abstract noun An abstract noun is the name of a quality or a general idea (e.g., persistence, democracy)
Collective noun A collective noun is a noun that represents a group of persons, animals, or things (e.g., family, flock, furniture)
Pronoun A word that takes the place of a noun, another pronoun, or a group of words acting as a noun.
Antecedent The word or group of words to which a pronoun refers to
Personal pronoun A personal pronoun refers to a specific person, place, thing, or idea by indicating the person speaking (first person), the person or people spoken to (second person), or any other person, place, thing, or idea being talked about (third person)
Possessive pronoun A possessive pronoun is a form of personal pronoun that shows possession or ownership (e.g., that is MY book or that book is MINE or that is HIS book or that book is HIS )
Adjective A word, phrase, or clause that modifies a noun (the BIOLOGY book) or pronoun (he is NICE). It answers the question what kind(a HARD test), which one(an ENGLISH test), how many(THREE tests), or how much(MANY tests).
Participle A type of verb form that functions as an adjective usually ends in -ing or -ed
Verb A word or phrase that is used to express an action or state of being
Adverb A word, phrase, or clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
Preposition A word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence
Compound preposition A preposition that is made up of more than one word
Prepositional phrase A group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun, which is called the object of the prepositions
Conjunction A word that joins words, phrases, or clauses.
Coordinating conjunctions and, but, or, so , nor, for, yet
Correlative conjunctions work in pairs to join words or pharses
Subordinating conjuctions Joins two clauses or thoughts (e.g., after, before, until, because, since, when...)
Interjection A word or phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation. It does not have any grammatical connection to the other words in the sentence. Like yikes or whew
Clause a group of words that has a subject and a predicate
Independent clause Expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence
Dependent clause Begins with a subordinating conjection and does not express a complete thought and therefore cannot stand alone as a sentence
Direct object is the person, place, or thing that is directly affected by the action of the verb. A direct object answers the question what or whom after a transitive verb
Indirect object is the person, place, or thing that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb. A sentence can have an indirect object only if it has a direct object. Must answer the questions to whom, for whom, to what, or for what after an action verb
Phrase A group of two or more words that acts as single part of speech in a sentence. Can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Lacks a subject and a predicate
Predicate is the part of the sentence that tells what the subject does or what is done to the subject. It includes the verb and all the words that modify the verb
Predicate adjective follows a linking verb and helps to explain the subject
Predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and helps to explain or rename the subject
Sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Every sentence has a subject and a predicate.
Declarative sentence a sentence that makes a statement
Interrogative sentence a sentence that asks a question
Imperative sentence a sentence that makes a command or request
Exclamatory sentence a sentence that makes an exclamation
Subject is a word, phrase, or clause that names whom or what the sentence is about
Compound sentence is a sentence that has two or more independent clauses.
Run-on sentence occurs when two or more complete sentences are written as though they were one sentence
Sentence fragments incomplete sentences
Misplaced modifiers are words or groups of words that are not located properly in relation to the words they modify
Cliches are expressions or ideas that have lost their originality or impact over time because of excessive use
Euphemism is a mild, indirect, or vague term that has been substituted for one that is considered harsh, blunt, or offensive.
Sexist language refers to spoken or written styles that do nit satisfactorily reflect the presence of women in our society
Created by: Rdumont
 

 



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