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Empowering Students

quiz study

TermDefinition
Pre 1950 Local Responses Students will sink or swim on relativity to curriculum. Attendance is voluntary and there is no formal programming for exceptional students.
1950 The Hope Report Compulsory Attendance for ages 6-16 is introduced. Kindergarten becomes universal. Programming for Learning Disabilities is expanded.
1962 The Roberts Plan Programs of study are reorganized- there becomes 3 streams of education for secondary- basic, general, academic.
1968 The Hall-Dennis Report Equal Access to Learning best suited for individual needs, and provides child centered learning
1970's Experimentation and Development Experimentation and Development of policy, programs and services
1980 Bill 82 School Boards are required to provide SPED programs on a 5 year timeline.
1982 Charter of Rights and Freedoms Equality, protection and freedom from discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, sex, age, or mental or physical disability.
1995 For the Love of Learning Integration of Exceptional pupils becomes the norm in Ontario
2013 Learning for All Three effective approaches to inclusive Education are established: universal design for learning, the tiered approach and differentiated instruction
Differentiated Instruction Instructional approach that responds according to students readiness, interests and learning preferences- and therefore totally individualized. Instruction may be differentiated based on content, process or product. Instruction should meet each kids needs
Tiered Approach A systematic approach to providing high-quality, evidence based assessments and instruction for interventions to meet student needs. Based on 3 steps of assessment and intervention.
Universal Design for Learning Modify the program to accommodate the student. multiple means of representation for various chances to acquire info. Multiple means of expression and demonstration. Multiple means of engagement, to tap into interests, challenge appropriately and motivate.
Inclusive Education All students are welcomed by their neighborhood school in an age-appropriate, regular class and are supported to learn, contribute and participate in all aspects of the life and school.
Bill 82 December 12, 1982 The Education Amendment Act made it a requirement for school boards to establish and provide Special Education programming and accommodations for students with exceptionalities, on a 5 year timeline
The aim of UDL provides access to curriculum for all students and to assist in designing products/environments to make accessible regardless of age, skill or situation
Design Thinking a mindset that revolves around understanding the needs and motivations of students, parents, educators, nurturing creativity, collaboration, empathy and divergent thinking skills
Core Concepts of UDL universality and equality, flexibility and inclusiveness, appropriately designed space, simplicity and safety.
Lev Vygotsky DI draws on Zone of Proximal Defense, in which a child can achieve more with support and when instruction is at a developmentally appropriate level, scaffolding instruction one level at a time,
"Learning Profile" Students learning style and preferences
DI Includes providing alternative instructional and assessment activities, challenging students appropriately, and using a variety of groupings to meet students needs
Teachers can differentiate through: Product, process, content and affect/environment
DI is according to: students readiness, interests and learning profile
Forms of Strategies to support UDL and DI cooperative learning, project-based learning, problem-based learning, and explicit instruction
The 5 principles of Bill 82 universal access, education at public expense, appeal process, ongoing identification assessment and review, appropriate programs
Inclusion refers to access to programs and: active and productive involvement
social benefits of inclusion: is acquired by both exceptional pupils and average developing students
How many students in Ontario require some sort of special education programming? just under 300 000 students
Date of Bill 82 December 12, 1980
Recommended Approaches to Inclusive Education Examine your own beliefs, work with school team- including students, use a variety of instructional approaches- UDL, DI, extend inclusion to the whole school
In ON what are considerations of an exceptionality? Behavioural, communication, intellectual, Physical Disability and multiple
Created by: 528730257